Augeas is a configuration API and editing tool. It parses common configuration files like /etc/hosts or /etc/grub.conf in their native formats and transforms them into a tree. Configuration changes are made by manipulating this tree and saving it back into native configuration files.
Cft (pronounced sift) watches a system administrator as she makes changes to a system. Its basic principle is heavily influenced by GNOME's Sabayon. Instead of the desktop though, cft is focused on traditional system administrators and how they maintain machines, mostly with command line tools.
netcf is a library and command line tool for configuring networking on Linux machines in a platform-independent way, using the platforms native configuration mechanisms. Supported are all the various ways in which physical interfaces, bridges, bonds, and VLANs can be combined. The configuration of a network connection is described in an XML format that emphasizes the logical relationship between the interfaces involved, e.g. a bridge connection describes the bridge interface itself and all the interfaces initially enslaved to it. Interoperability with existing network configuration tools is guaranteed since netcf relies only on native network configuration files, both for reading and writing them. Modifying network configuration with netcf has exactly the same effect as modifying the native configuration files directly, and netcf and other tools can be used interchangeably.
Great tool for reading and changing configuration files from programs