UverseWiki is a modular open source PHP framework designed for text processing. Unlike most existing solutions, it is not regular expression-based but instead uses a recursive descent parser to build a document object model. After the parsing stage has been finished and the DOM is produced, the original source is discarded and all operations are performed on the document tree instead: nodes can be altered, serialized, or rendered into a particular format (such as HTML or RTF). The wiki syntax is language-neutral and the processing itself is carried out in UTF-8.
SafePatch lets you edit program files and track those changes creating "patches" which can later be reverted or reused in a different setup. It's written in PHP, but can patch non-PHP applications because no integration into their source code is required. A bundled Control Panel allows easy tracking, installing, reverting, and diffing of available patches. SafePatch has an intuitive text patch file syntax which is uniform for text and binary files and independent of the engine being patched, has default support for VQMod .xml patches and FluxBB README mods, is written in OOP and uses events (and thus is easily extensible), and doesn't need a database.