The ALICE software implements AIML (Artificial Intelligence Markup Language), a non-standard evolving markup language for creating chat robots. The primary design feature of AIML is minimalism. Compared with other chat robot languages, AIML is perhaps the simplest. The pattern matching language is very simple, for example permitting only one wild-card ('*') match character per pattern. AIML is an XML language, implying that it obeys certain grammatical meta-rules. The choice of XML syntax permits integration with other tools such as XML editors. Another motivation for XML is its familiar look and feel, especially to people with HTML experience.
"Ball", the Byzantine Askemos Language Layer, is an intrusion resistant and incorruptible, autonomous distributed operating system. It provides application programmers with continuations, messages, and rights management on top of a peer-to-peer network resisting byzantine failures of network nodes. The API significantly raises the level of abstraction in comparison with other operating systems: there are very few system calls, and these are expressed in XML. An alternative understanding of Askemos is that of an XML object database with stored procedures.
Document Structure Description (DSD) is a simple but expressive grammar notation for XML documents. This new XML schema language is result of a research collaboration between AT&T Labs, NJ and BRICS at the University of Aarhus, Denmark. The technology is based on general and familiar concepts that allow much stronger document descriptions than possible with DTDs or XML schemas.
eXist is a native XML database featuring efficient, index-based XPath query processing, extensions for keyword search, XUpdate support, and tight integration with existing XML development tools. The database is lightweight and may be easily deployed in a number of ways, running either as a stand-alone server process, inside a servlet engine, or directly embedded into an application.
Sablotron is an XML toolkit which implements XSLT, DOM, and XPath. Sablotron is written in C++, and it can be used from C, Perl, Python, PHP, ObjectPascal, and via a command line interface. It supports the XSLT 1.0, XPath 1.0, and DOM Level 2 W3C specifications. It is designed to be as compact and portable as possible, and is maintained as an Open Source project by Ginger Alliance.
SDPXML is an XML parser written in C++ with a clean C++ interface, neither DOM nor SAX. Its functionality includes performing XPath and other queries on a loaded XML document, creating and parsing documents with typesafe conversions between XML and C++ objects, and serializing XML documents to streams. By casting-off the DOM and SAX APIs, SDPXML attempts to provide XML services that integrate well with the rest of the C++ standard library.
xlHtml converts an Excel spreadsheet file (.xls) into highly-optimized HTML. It includes scripts to allow it to be used as a Netscape or mutt plugin and as a xls handler for Apache. The program currently supports string, blank, boolean, error, integer, floating point, hyperlinks, and formula cells. It can also output in XML, tab delimited, or comma separated values (CSV).
XMLTV is a set of programs to obtain and process TV (tvguide) listings and manage your TV viewing. It stores the listings in an XML-based format and most of the programs are filters which read and/or write XML. It includes tools to obtain, sort, grep, print, and munge listings, and two end-user programs to plan a week's TV viewing.