AMC is a programmable compiler/preprocessor. It has a built-in programming language called CGL (Code Generation Language) that lets you add new syntactical elements to the source files that AMC processes. In addition, AMC has a module structure reminescent of the UCSD p-System compiler. AMC comes with a default package that adds a dynamic form of OOP to C.
Bigloo is an implementation of the Scheme programming language. It relies on an optimizing compiler from Scheme to C. Bigloo enables connections between Scheme code and C code. It proposes many extensions to Scheme such as a regular parser compiler, an lalr parser compiler, pattern matching, an object layer, etc.
Ciao is a complete Prolog system subsuming ISO-Prolog with a novel modular design which allows both restricting and extending the language. Ciao extensions currently include feature terms (records), higher-order, functions, constraints, objects, persistent predicates, a good base for distributed execution (agents), and concurrency. Libraries also support WWW programming, sockets, and external interfaces (C, Java, TCL/Tk, relational databases, etc.). An Emacs-based environment, a stand-alone compiler, and a toplevel shell are also provided.
Gforth is a fast and portable implementation of the ANS Forth language. It works nicely with the Emacs editor, offers some nice features such as input completion and history and a powerful locals facility, and it even has (the beginnings of) a manual. Gforth employs traditional implementation techniques: its inner innerpreter is indirect or direct threaded. Gforth runs under Unix, Win95, OS/2, and DOS and should not be hard to port to other systems supported by GCC.
NASM is an 80x86 assembler designed for portability and modularity. It supports a range of object file formats including Linux a.out and ELF, COFF, Microsoft 16-bit OBJ, Win32/64, and Apple Mach-O. It will also output plain binary files. Its syntax is designed to be simple and easy to understand, similar to Intel's but less complex. It supports all currently known opcodes, and has advanced macro capability. It includes a disassembler as well.
Pike is an interpreted, object-oriented, dynamic programming language with a syntax similar to C. It includes a powerful modules system that, for instance, has image manipulation, database connectivity and advanced cryptography. It is simple to learn, does not require long compilation passes and has powerful built-in data types allowing simple and fast data manipulation.
SmartEiffel is the GNU Eiffel Compiler. It is intended to be a complete, though small and very fast, Eiffel compiler. The current distribution includes an Eiffel to C compiler, documentation tools, a pretty printer, and various other tools including an Eiffel debugger. It also includes a large library of classes distributed under the terms of the MIT/X Consortium License. Eiffel is an advanced object-oriented programming language that emphasizes the design and construction of high-quality and reusable software.
The Memory Pool System is a very general, adaptable, flexible, reliable, and efficient memory management system. It permits the flexible combination of memory management techniques, supporting manual and automatic memory management, in-line allocation, finalization, weakness, and multiple concurrent co-operating incremental generational garbage collections. It also includes a library of memory pool classes implementing specialized memory management policies.