Alt+Connect manages dialup connections, allowing a group of networked machines to share a single Internet connection through their server. Custom client software lets users to start or stop their internet connection, and the server (connectd) ensures that the connection remains up only while someone's using it. Features include support for multiple ISPs and links (modems or ISDN channels), connection control lists, ability to record the time a user spends online and charge him for it, and the ability to enable and disable IP forwarding as a machine starts or stops using the Internet.
Cfengine is a tool for setting up and maintaining BSD and System-5-like operating system optionally attached to a TCP/IP network. You can think of cfengine as a very high level language, much higher level than Perl or shell: a single statement can result in many hundreds of operations being performed on multiple hosts. Cfengine is good at performing a lot of common system administration tasks, and allows you to build on its strengths with your own scripts.
The JACAL Project is a suite of programs, scripts, guidelines, protocols, documentation, and diskettes that assist in quick, network based loads/builds of machines. It has been used to build 70 University lab machines from scratch (No OS) in two hours. This includes NT service packs and 80+ applications on the NT side.
John the Ripper is a fast password cracker, currently available for many flavors of Unix, Windows, DOS, BeOS, and OpenVMS. Its primary purpose is to detect weak Unix passwords. It supports several crypt(3) password hash types commonly found on Unix systems, as well as Windows LM hashes. On top of this, lots of other hashes and ciphers are added in the community-enhanced version (-jumbo), and some are added in John the Ripper Pro.
Spong is a simple system-monitoring package. It features client-based monitoring (CPU, disk, processes, logs, etc.), monitoring of network services, grouping of hosts (routers, servers, workstations, and PCs), host-specific contact and downtime information, configuration on a client-by-client basis, results displayed via the Web, history of problems, messaging (via email or pager) when problems occur, and verbose information to help diagnosis problems. It communicates via simple TCP-based messages, and is written in Perl.
Unison is a file-synchronization tool for Unix and Windows. It allows two copies of a collection of files and directories to be stored on different hosts (or different disks on the same host), modified separately, and then brought up to date by propagating the changes in each replica to the other. Unison can deal with updates to both replicas of a distributed directory structure. Updates that do not conflict are propagated automatically. Conflicting updates are detected and displayed. Unison can communicate through a direct socket link or through an rsh/ssh tunnel. It uses network bandwidth efficiently.