The Geospatial Data Abstraction Library (GDAL) is a unifying C/C++ API for accessing raster geospatial data, and currently includes formats like GeoTIFF, Erdas Imagine, Arc/Info Binary, CEOS, DTED, GXF, and SDTS. It is intended to provide efficient access, suitable for use in viewer applications, and also attempts to preserve coordinate systems and metadata. Python, C, and C++ interfaces are available.
libgeotiff is a library (normally built on top of libtiff) for reading and writing coordinate system information from/to GeoTIFF files. It includes CSV files for expanding projected coordinate system codes into full projections definitions and examples of transforming the definitions into a form that can be used with the PROJ.4 projections library. It also includes the sample applications listgeo (for dumping GeoTIFF information in readable form) and geotifcp (for applying geotiff tags to an existing TIFF or GeoTIFF file).
MapServer is a CGI based Web mapping application development tool. It processes user defined configuration files and templates to allow for a wide variety of applications to be developed, including interactive mapping, and spatial query definition and processing. It supports several data formats. Key features include scale dependent map rendering, automatic scalebar and legend building, feature labeling with collision avoidance, logical and thematic classifications, and on-the-fly projection of raster and vector data. The application can also access other WMS servers as a cascading map server.
PROJ.4 is a cartographic projections and datum shifting library written in C. It includes support for many (100+) projections, including Transverse Mercator and Lambert Conformal Conic. Included is a command line program for reprojecting points. It was originally written by Gerald Evenden of the USGS, and is in active use in various commercial and freeware software.
WideStudio is a multi-platform integrated development environment for building windowed event-driven applications. It uses its own independent class libraries. Automatic source code generation is provided by the application builder, which also provides project management and automatic makefile generation. WideStudio can be used to develop applications on Linux, Solaris, and Windows.
ZooLib allows one to write a single set of C++ sources which can be compiled into native executables for Mac OS, Windows, BeOS, or POSIX-compliant systems that use the X Window system (such as Linux). Zoolib provides a GUI toolkit with a uniquely flexible layout system. It also provides a single-file database format, TCP networking, and extensive debugging support. ZooLib applications are multithreaded. ZooLib requires only minimal support from the underlying OS and platform GUI layer, and thus could be ported to a completely new platform without too much difficulty. ZooLib is fully production quality on Windows and MacOS, completely implemented but untested on BeOS, and not yet complete on POSIX. Please note that the sources from the "demo" branch are also required to build ZooLib or to get started writing your own ZooLib applications.