Ciao is a complete Prolog system subsuming ISO-Prolog with a novel modular design which allows both restricting and extending the language. Ciao extensions currently include feature terms (records), higher-order, functions, constraints, objects, persistent predicates, a good base for distributed execution (agents), and concurrency. Libraries also support WWW programming, sockets, and external interfaces (C, Java, TCL/Tk, relational databases, etc.). An Emacs-based environment, a stand-alone compiler, and a toplevel shell are also provided.
ROOT is an OO framework for large-scale scientific data analysis and data mining. It contains an efficient hierarchical OO database, a C++ interpreter, advanced statistical analysis, visualization, introspection, documentation, networking, and GUI classes. The command/scripting language is C++, and large scripts can be compiled and dynamically linked in. Using the PROOF (Parallel ROOT Facility) extension, large databases can be analyzed in parallel. The system runs on all known POSIX platforms, Windows, and MacOS X.
EAsea Specification of Evolutionary Algorithms (EASEA), is a high-level language dedicated to the specification of evolutionary algorithms. The language and compiler are quite mature. EASEA compiles .ez specification files into C++ or Java object files, using existing evolutionary libraries. Supported C++ libraries currently are GALib or EO.
The Units Conversion Library provides a facility for converting from a variety of scientific and engineering shorthand notations into floating point numbers. This allows application developers to easily convert value strings like "9.2 meters/second" and "20 miles/hour" into uniformly scaled floating point numbers. The library is implemented in both Tcl and C, and supporting other scripting languages should be straightforward.
IDL2Matlab is a program for automatically translating a program from IDL into Matlab and Scilab. IDL and Matlab are two major numerical languages for scientists. Scilab is a free Matlab-like language. Many IDL programs have been developed in large facilities studying astrophysics, geology, medicine, and particle and nuclear physics. On the other hand, Matlab is widely used in smaller laboratories, such as universities and national scientific agencies. This program is designed to extend the portability of such IDL programs.
FrAid (Fr[actal] Aid) is a programming language that is appropriate for mathematical computations, visualization, batch processing, and more. It features both a standalone application that provides a programming environment for the language and a system for integrating the language with Java. The Java interface allows mathematical equations and formulas to be used with Java code, making it easier to process numerical computations, symbolic computations, imaging, CAD, and more.
Scilab is a numerical computation system similiar to Matlab or Simulink. Scilab includes hundreds of mathematical functions, and programs from various languages (such as C or Fortran) can be added interactively. It has sophisticated data structures (including lists, polynomials, rational functions, and linear systems), an interpreter, and a high-level programming language. Scilab has been designed to be an open system where the user can define new data types and operations on these data types by using overloading. A number of toolboxes are available with the system.