ReactOS is an advanced operating system providing a ground-up implementation of a Microsoft Windows XP/Windows Server 2003-compatible operating system. It aims to achieve complete binary compatibility with both applications and device drivers meant for XP and NT 5.2 operating systems by using a similar architecture and providing a complete and equivalent public interface. Written completely from scratch, ReactOS is not a Linux based system, and shares none of the UNIX architecture.
amforth is an extendible command interpreter for the Atmel AVR ATmega microcontroller family. It has a turnkey feature for embedded use as well. It does not depend on a host application. The command language is an almost compatible ANS94 forth with extensions. It needs less than 8KB code memory for the base system. It is written in assembly language and forth itself.
GeekOS is a tiny operating system kernel for x86 PCs. Its goal is to be simple enough for beginners to understand and modify, but realistic enough to be interesting and fun. The primary development environment for GeekOS is Linux or Windows using gcc, nasm, and the Bochs PC emulator.
HAVEGE (HArdware Volatile Entropy Gathering and Expansion) is a user-level software unpredictable random number generator for general-purpose computers that exploits modifications of the internal volatile hardware states as a source of uncertainty. It combines on-the-fly hardware volatile entropy gathering with pseudo-random number generation. The internal state includes thousands of internal volatile hardware states and is merely unmonitorable. It can support several hundreds of megabits per second on current workstations and PCs.