PyCryptoPlus is a cryptographic module similar to PyCrypto, with which it shares the API. But PyCryptoPlus is written 100% in Python, so its primary interest is educational and scientific; if you want real speed, you're better checking out PyCrypto. It was not completely written from scratch, but integrates other cipher codes when available in Python and under appropriate licenses. It contains, among other things: Block cipher algorithms (Serpent, Blowfish, Twofish, DES, 3DES, AES, Rijndael, and PRESENT); modes of operation (CMAC, ECB, CBC, CTR, and XTS); paddings (bit padding, zeros, PKCS7, PKCS12, ISO 10126, and ANSI X.923); and one-way functions (MD5, SHA1/SHA2, Whirlpool, RipeMD, RadioGatun, HMAC, and PBKDF2).
The Open-Transactions project is a collaborative effort to develop a robust, commercial-grade, fully-featured, free-software toolkit implementing a full-strength financial cryptography library, API, CLI, and prototype server. Open-Transactions democratizes financial and monetary actions. You can use it for issuing currencies/stock, paying dividends, creating asset accounts, sending/receiving digital cash, writing/depositing cheques, cashier's cheques, creating basket currencies, trading on markets, scripting custom agreements, recurring payments, escrow, etc. Strong crypto is used. Balances are unchangeable (even by a malicious server). Receipts are destructible and redundant. The transactions are unforgeable. The cash is untraceable. The cheques are non-repudiable.
Lasso (Liberty Alliance Single Sign On) is an implementation of the Liberty Alliance specifications. These specifications define protocols for federated identities, single sign-on, etc. Lasso supports ID-FF 1.2, SAML 2.0, and parts of ID-WSF. It provides both a C library and bindings for several languages (Python, Java, Perl, PHP 4, and PHP 5).
TnFOX is a modern secure, robust, multithreaded, exception aware, internationalizable, portable GUI toolkit library designed for mission-critical work in C++ and Python, forked from the FOX library. It replicates the Qt API in many places, comes with a full set of Python bindings, and has been designed primarily for Tn, the port of Tornado to FOX.