PerlShare is a DropBox drop-in to create your own private file sharing "cloud". It consists of two parts; a client and a server. The server part lets you configure a Linux machine to accept PerlShare clients. PerlShare behaves a lot like DropBox. On collisions, for example, it creates conflicted copies. The workhorse for synchronization is Unison, a very reliable piece of software from Pascal Bach.
GroupOffice is a groupware suite that takes your office online, implementing online collaboration and CRM. It allows you to share projects, calendars, files and email online with co-workers and clients. It is easy to use and fully customizable. It also features synchronization with PDAs and Outlook.
PeerProject is a versatile peer-to-peer filesharing client and file manager. It's intuitive and aesthetic while supporting many networks and features, including BitTorrent, G2, Gnutella, eDonkey, DC++, IRC, HTTP/FTP, and more. It's a mainstream fork of Shareaza p2p, for Windows and WINE.
aria2 is a utility for downloading files. The supported protocols are HTTP(S), FTP, BitTorrent, and Metalink. It has a powerful segmented downloading ability, downloading a file from multiple sources and multiple protocols and utilizing your download bandwidth to the maximum. It supports downloading a file from HTTP(S)/FTP and BitTorrent at the same time, while the data downloaded from HTTP(S)/FTP is uploaded to the BitTorrent swarm. Using Metalink's chunk checksums, aria2 automatically validates chunks of data while downloading a file like BitTorrent.
Podget is a simple podcast aggregator optimized for running as a scheduled background job (i.e. cron). It features support for downloading podcasts from RSS and XML feeds, for sorting the podcasts into folders and categories, for importing podcast URLs from iTunes PCAST files and OPML lists, automatic M3U and ASX playlist creation, and automatic cleanup of old podcasts. It also features automatic UTF-16 conversion for podcasts hosted on Windows servers.
KTorrent is a BitTorrent application that allows you to download and share files using the BitTorrent protocol. Key features include queuing of torrents, global and per-torrent speed limits, previewing of certain file types, importing of partially or fully downloaded files, file prioritization for multi-file torrents, selective downloading for multi-file torrents, kick/ban peers with an additional IP Filter dialog for list/edit purposes, UDP tracker support, support for private trackers and torrents, support for µTorrent's peer exchange, support for protocol encryption (compatible with Azureus), support for creating tracker-less torrents, support for distributed hash tables (DHT), support for UPnP to automatically forward ports on a LAN with dynamic assigned hosts, support for webseeds, scripting support via Kross, and interprocess control via DBus interface.
GNUnet is a peer-to-peer framework with focus on providing security. All peer-to-peer messages in the network are confidential and authenticated. The framework provides a transport abstraction layer and can currently encapsulate the network traffic in UDP, TCP, HTTP, HTTPS, or direct 802.11 (WLAN). GNUnet supports accounting to provide contributing nodes with better service. The services built on top of the framework include anonymous file sharing and a virtual network providing IPv4-IPv6 transition via protocol translation over the P2P network.