The National Space Science Data Center's (NSSDC) Common Data Format (CDF) is a self-describing data abstraction for the storage and manipulation of multidimensional data in a platform- and discipline-independent fashion. It consists of a scientific data management package (known as the "CDF Library") that allows programmers and application developers to manage and manipulate scalar, vector, and multi-dimensional data arrays.
DRM-SEQ is a basic drum machine and sampler. It allows realtime pattern creation with customizable samples and tracks. It has an adjustable BPM, swing factor, time signature, and eight banks for patterns, with intuitive key bindings and save/load capabilities for a live environment.
markov.sql implements third order (and lower) model Markov Chains, including training and generation, in pure SQL(ite). The source code archive also contains a pre-trained SQL dump with models based on the 1990 US Census Bureau data sets for first and last names, and an excerpt of the 2012 US tax office corporation names.
Jhead is a command line driven utility for extracting digital camera settings from the Exif format files used by many digital cameras. It handles the various confusing ways these can be expressed, and displays them as F-stop, shutter speed, etc. It is also able to reduce the size of digital camera JPEGs without loss of information, by deleting integral thumbnails that digital cameras put into the Exif header. If you need to add Exif support to a program, this is a simple program to cut and paste from. Many projects, including PHP, have reused code from this utility.