The Open-Transactions project is a collaborative effort to develop a robust, commercial-grade, fully-featured, free-software toolkit implementing a full-strength financial cryptography library, API, CLI, and prototype server. Open-Transactions democratizes financial and monetary actions. You can use it for issuing currencies/stock, paying dividends, creating asset accounts, sending/receiving digital cash, writing/depositing cheques, cashier's cheques, creating basket currencies, trading on markets, scripting custom agreements, recurring payments, escrow, etc. Strong crypto is used. Balances are unchangeable (even by a malicious server). Receipts are destructible and redundant. The transactions are unforgeable. The cash is untraceable. The cheques are non-repudiable.
Moneychanger is a GUI built on top of Open Transactions, a financial crypto library. Moneychanger can be used to create pseudonyms, issue currencies, open accounts, withdraw and deposit cash (untraceable digital cash), write and deposit cheques, trade on markets, and much, much more.
Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer electronic cash system that is completely decentralized, without the need for a central server or trusted parties. Users hold the crypto keys to their own money and transact directly with each other, with the help of a P2P network to check for double-spending.
Multiple Eyepairs Only is a project to define a file format and to provide tools to use cryptography for things like four-eyes principles. The key idea is this: if information should only be accessible to a group of people together, with the additional possibility to have some redundancy in participants, then MEO is for you.
FroZenLight interrelates line arts, mathematics, and cryptography. Circular shaped mirrors which are arranged in a grid-like manner reflect a light ray according to the reflection law of geometric optics. While random positions of the light source produce chaotic reflection patterns, it is possible to position the light source so that beautiful symmetric reflection patterns are created.
PyCryptoPlus is a cryptographic module similar to PyCrypto, with which it shares the API. But PyCryptoPlus is written 100% in Python, so its primary interest is educational and scientific; if you want real speed, you're better checking out PyCrypto. It was not completely written from scratch, but integrates other cipher codes when available in Python and under appropriate licenses. It contains, among other things: Block cipher algorithms (Serpent, Blowfish, Twofish, DES, 3DES, AES, Rijndael, and PRESENT); modes of operation (CMAC, ECB, CBC, CTR, and XTS); paddings (bit padding, zeros, PKCS7, PKCS12, ISO 10126, and ANSI X.923); and one-way functions (MD5, SHA1/SHA2, Whirlpool, RipeMD, RadioGatun, HMAC, and PBKDF2).
CryptoTE is a text editor with integrated strong cryptography. It is based on the popular Scintilla widget and automatically stores text data in secure encrypted container files. Compared to other "password keeper" programs, CryptoTE does not force any structure upon your data: it works with plain ASCII text and does not require you to fill in grids, key-value attributes, or descriptions. Encryption is transparently performed using the highly-secure Serpent cipher. The editing interface is thoroughly optimized for speed and ease of use. Multiple subfiles, Quick-Find, and a two-click random password generator make daily use very convenient.