When building server side applications for the Web, independently of the language used (Java, PHP, Perl, etc), a lot of time is spent writing embedded HTML code and dealing with the fact that HTTP is a stateless protocol. SPFC allows you to write HTML forms like you write a Java GUI.
auth_ldap is an LDAP authentication module for the Apache Web server. Auth_ldap has excellent performance, due to its use of aggressive client-side caching algorithms. It also has support for LDAP over SS or TLSL. It also features a mode that lets Microsoft Frontpage clients manage their Web permissions while still using LDAP for authentication.
Apache Cocoon is a Web development framework built around the concepts of separation of concerns and component-based Web development. Cocoon implements these concepts around the notion of "component pipelines", each component on the pipeline specializing on a particular operation. This makes it possible to use a Lego(tm)-like approach in building Web solutions, hooking together components into pipelines without any required programming.
DBPrism is an open source framework to generate dynamic XML from a database. It connects Oracle databases with Apache Cocoon, providing a high performance DBGenerator with functionality such as parallel content aggregation and ESI cache protocol. It also includes a powerlful database oriented CMS built on top of Apache Cocoon2 and DBPrism.