Ghostscript is a processor for PostScript and PDF files. It can rasterize these files to a wide variety of printers, devices for screen preview, and image file formats. Since applications tend to prepare pages for printing in a high-level format such as PostScript, most Unix users with low-level bitmap printers, such as inkjets, use GhostScript as part of the printing process. In addition, Ghostscript is capable of converting PostScript files, functionality comparable to Adobe Acrobat Distiller, but on the command line. In addition, Ghostscript is used for file import and viewing by a great many other applications, including xv, ImageMagick, gimp, and xdvi. Several GUI wrappers for viewing PostScript and PDF files exist, including GSview, ghostview, gv, ggv, and kghostview. This is far from a comprehensive list.
album is a free HTML/XHTML photo album and gallery generator that supports themes/skins. You can choose different themes or write your own to get different layouts and styles. It creates all your thumbnails (including directory thumbnails) and descends into directories so you can organize your photos. See the home page for more examples. album is also multi-lingual, with many languages being added all the time. N.B.: The purchase link is provided for donations; the software does not cost anything.
BRL-CAD is a powerful constructive solid geometry solid modeling system that includes an interactive geometry editor, ray-tracing support for rendering and geometric analysis, path-tracing for realistic image synthesis, network distributed framebuffer support, and image and signal-processing tools.
Gifsicle is a powerful command-line program for manipulating GIF image files. It has good support for transparency and colormap manipulation, simple image transformations (cropping, flipping), and creating, deconstructing, and editing GIF animations. It can also optimize GIF animations for space. Also included is a GIF animation viewer and a program that checks whether two GIFs look the same.
hp2xx is a versatile tool to convert vector-oriented graphics data given in Hewlett-Packard's HP-GL (a.k.a. HPGL) plotter language into a variety of popular both vector- and raster-oriented graphics formats. The various supported output formats include Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), PCX, IMG, and several formats intended to facilitate the generation of graphics within TeX documents. In addition, hp2xx output is printable on the HP Laserjet/Deskjet printer series, and it may be used as a HP-GL previewer on many platforms, e.g. X11 and DOS (VGA).
Java PictDraw is a set of Java classes to display Quickdraw images (Macintosh Pict files). Quickdraw is a meta/vector format that supports lines, circles, arcs, boxes, polygon, styled text, bitmap-based regions, and compressed bitmaps (RLE and JPEG). This package contains all the classes needed to parse a Quickdraw file, and to display into a Java AWT port. Features include the ability to make the text regions of the picture clickable.
PLIB is a set of libraries to write games and other realtime interactive applications that are 100% portable across a wide range of hardware and operating systems. It's used by Majik3D, FlightGear, and others, and includes libraries for GUI widgets, sound replay, geometry, scene graph, joystick, and fonts/text.
These are the demo programs that accompany O'Reilly's "PNG: The Definitive Guide." rpng is a simple file viewer with the ability to set a background color when displaying transparent PNGs. rpng2 is a progressive PNG viewer, designed to work like a web browser (though it contains no network code); it can generate a background image when displaying transparent PNGs. wpng is a simple converter from NetPBM to PNG format; in most respects it is much more limited than pnmtopng, but it supports interactive entry of PNG text annotations and will generate noninterlaced PNGs on the fly (rather than buffering the entire image first like pnmtopng). The viewers include simple front ends for both X and Win32; the converter is a command-line app that compiles on Unix, Windows, and probably other platforms.