Backshift is a deduplicating (variable-sized, content-based blocks), compressing (xz or bz2) backup program. Full saves and incrementals are pretty indistinct other than the amount of data transmitted, somewhat like with "rsync --link-dest" but without the huge number of hardlinks. It also de-duplicates large file content at a granularity of about 2 megabytes on average; there tends to be a unique copy of each file with size less than around 2 megabytes on average.
Perl modules are notated in many different formats: "Foo/Bar/Baz.pm", "Foo::Bar", "Foo-Bar", etc. Module-Format allows one to take a list of modules in any format (including mixed ones) and output it in a consistent format that can be input to an installation program or an information querier.
phpdocr will download, prettify, and output PHP documentation for the function or class that is supplied on the command-line, much like perldoc does for Perl and ri does for Ruby. Unless you explicitly tell it not to, phpdocr will also cache the documentation locally for fast retrieval in the future.
utfout is a command-line tool that can produce UTF-8 (Unicode) strings in various ways and direct them to standard output, standard error, or direct to the terminal without the need for shell support. Strings can be repeated, delayed, randomly-generated, written to arbitrary file descriptors, interspersed with other characters, and generated using ranges. printf(1)-style escape sequences are supported along with extended escape sequences. utfout(1) sits somewhere between echo(1) and printf(1).