FAI (fully automatic installation) is a non-interactive system to install a Debian GNU/Linux operating system on a group of PCs or a Linux cluster. After installation, the systems are fully configured and ready to run. It is a scalable method for performing unattended installation and updating. Changes to the configuration files of the operating system are made by cfengine, shell, and Perl scripts.
Heartbeat is a full-function high-availability system for Linux and other POSIX-like OSes. It monitors services and restarts them on errors. When managing a cluster (more than 1 machine), it will also monitor the members of the cluster and begin recovery of lost services in less than a second. It runs over serial ports and UDP broadcast/multicast, as well as OpenAIS multicast. It is easily adapted to different interconnect media and protocols. When used in a cluster, it can operate using shared disks, data replication, or no data sharing. Versions starting with 2.0 are comparable to any commercial HA package, providing resource monitoring, larger clusters, and detailed dependency information.
A simple and trivial to use utility for keeping various 3rd party application packages installed on multiple machines. It leaves flexibility for making packages local to a host or remotely served from a central server. It is not the same sort of tool as RPM; rather it serves a related but different purpose. In particular, unlike most package systems, it can run independently of your main system (RPM, pkgadd, etc) and lets you install multiple versions of an appplication at the same time.
Thinux is a thin-client server on a live CD. It boots a network of diskless computers to automatically start an application such as a Web browser. Each thin client machine acts as a cluster node to share its processing and memory resources with each other to take the load off the server. It is a turnkey solution that does not change nor rely on your existing systems to run. By booting from a removable CD, it does not lock-in the user so it is convenient to test. It is ideal for any organizations that require large deployment of software automatically and cost effectively.
Netplug is a Linux daemon that manages network interfaces in response to network cables being plugged in and out. If you're familiar with Windows XP, which just does the Right Thing when you plug an ethernet cable into a laptop, netplug will need no further explanation. Basically, netplug brings up an interface and runs a DHCP client when a cable is plugged into that interface, and it brings the interface down when the cable is unplugged. On a typical Linux system or laptop, you have to run a command (such as "/sbin/ifup") manually to handle these events, but netplug automates this for you.