FSP is a UDP-based protocol for transferring files. It has many benefits over FTP, mainly for running anonymous archives. It is usable on lines with high packet loss ratio (70% WiFi), can go behind firewalls and unnoticed by port scans (because of UDP), does not overload networks when hosting ISOs or movies, share files on modem lines without eating all of the bandwidth, and keeps lamers away from your site (they don't know how to get to it). This project is active continuation of the FSP code base (abandoned 1996-2003).
conexus is a generalized C++ I/O library that includes network support for IPv4 and IPv6 sockets, serial/TTY communications, kernel message queues, pipes, and files. Objects use sigc++ for signaling property changes and other information. Sub-libraries include conexus-gtkmm (provides a set of gtkmm widgets), conexus-dbus (provides dbus support for endpoints), conexus-nspr (provides NSPR endpoints), conexus-nss (provides NSS endpoints), and conexus-ssl (provides OpenSSL endpoints).
libnode is a C++ implementation of Node.js. Just like Node.js, libnode provides non-blocking I/O, which enables you to develop scalable Web applications in C++. The memory management of libnode is automatic, based on either shared_ptr or bdw-gc. libnode is good to use on embedded devices because its system resource consumption is lower than Node.js.
ENet for C# wraps the C-language ENet networking library. For games and other realtime applications, if you use TCP, old data can hold up newer data, even if it is no longer relevant (old positions, etc.). Your players will perceive any lost packet as a "lag burst". ENet supports multiple in-order streams of data, and allows you to decide on reliability on a per-packet basis. The library is useful for both client-server and peer-to-peer architectures.