4Suite is a Python-based toolkit for XML and RDF application development. It features a library of integrated tools for XML processing, implementing open technologies such as DOM, RDF, XSLT, XInclude, XPointer, XLink, XPath, XUpdate, RELAX NG, and XML/SGML Catalogs. Layered upon this is an XML and RDF data repository and server, which supports multiple methods of data access, query, indexing, transformation, rich linking, and rule processing, and provides the data infrastructure of a full database system, including transactions, concurrency, access control, and management tools. It also supports HTTP, RPC, SOAP, and FTP, plus APIs in Python and XSLT.
Apache Jakarta Regexp is a 100% pure Java regular expression package. Expression syntax supports all of Perl5 syntax, with the exception of back reference substitution markers (several people have mentioned this lack, so please feel free to contribute a solution). It also supports a very limited subset of POSIX features. Performance and features are somewhat inferior to ORO, and the new JDK 1.4 (java.util.regex) package, but the package is especially small and features the ability to precompile expressions (without using object serialization) into byte arrays, thus avoiding the need to load the expression compiler.
When building server side applications for the Web, independently of the language used (Java, PHP, Perl, etc), a lot of time is spent writing embedded HTML code and dealing with the fact that HTTP is a stateless protocol. SPFC allows you to write HTML forms like you write a Java GUI.
auth_ldap is an LDAP authentication module for the Apache Web server. Auth_ldap has excellent performance, due to its use of aggressive client-side caching algorithms. It also has support for LDAP over SS or TLSL. It also features a mode that lets Microsoft Frontpage clients manage their Web permissions while still using LDAP for authentication.
Avalon is Apache's Java Server Framework project. It is separated into six subprojects: Framework, Excalibur, LogKit, Cornerstone, Phoenix, and Apps. Its purpose is to simplify server side programming for Java-based projects. It formalizes several best practices and patterns for server side programming. Framework describes the interfaces and contracts for the component-based architecture. Excalibur provides a number of useful components and utilities. LogKit is a logging implementation. Cornerstone is a group of reusable server components and services. Phoenix is an enterprise container implementation that uses all of the other subprojects to automatically deploy and manage one or more componentized servers. Apps is a home for several Phoenix-compatible server applications and reusable components (like FtpServer).
AxKit is a mod_perl-based XML Application Server for Apache. Employing a rich set of standards-compliant techniques as well as extensible scripting options, AxKit provides on-the-fly conversion from XML to a variety of other formats including HTML, WAP, and plain text. AxKit's notable technical features include the introduction of XPathScript, a powerful, Perl-based transformation language, built-in support for XSLT, "smart" caching, and the easy creation of dynamic XML documents.