The goal of the Apache Tomcat Project is to provide commercial-quality server solutions based on the Java Platform that are developed in an open and cooperative fashion. Tomcat 3.x is an implementation of the Java Servlet 2.2 and JavaServer Pages 1.1 Specifications. Tomcat 4.x is an implementation of the Java Servlet 2.3 and JavaServer Pages 1.2 Specifications, and is a re-implementation of the Tomcat servlet engine from the ground up. The current branch, Tomcat 5.x, is an implementation of the Java Servlet 2.4 and JavaServer Pages 2.0 specifications, with increased attention to scalability, reliability, and management functionality.
Expresso Framework is an open standards-based J2EE architectural framework that allows the developer to concentrate on application logic. It is a library of extensible Java Server application framework components for creating database-driven Web applications based on open standards. Expresso integrates with Apache Jakarta Struts, which emphasizes presentation and application configuration, and bringing a powerful tag library to Expresso. Expresso adds capabilities for security, robust object-relational mapping, background job handling and scheduling, self-tests, logging integration, automated table manipulation, database connection pooling, email connectivity, event notification, error handling, caching, internationalization, XML automation, testing, registration objects, configuration management, workflow, automatic database maintenance, and a JSP tag library.
The Apache/Perl integration project brings together the full power of the Perl programming language and the Apache HTTP server. With mod_perl it is possible to write Apache modules entirely in Perl. In addition, the persistent interpreter embedded in the server avoids the overhead of starting an external interpreter and the penalty of Perl start-up time.
Tapestry is a rich, component-based object model for developing dynamic, robust, highly interactive Web applications. Applications are constructed in terms of Java objects, methods and properties, instead of URLs and query parameters. It builds and interprets all URLs, dispatching directly to application-specific "listener" methods. It includes complete source code, documentation, tutorials and a complete example J2EE application.
4Suite is a Python-based toolkit for XML and RDF application development. It features a library of integrated tools for XML processing, implementing open technologies such as DOM, RDF, XSLT, XInclude, XPointer, XLink, XPath, XUpdate, RELAX NG, and XML/SGML Catalogs. Layered upon this is an XML and RDF data repository and server, which supports multiple methods of data access, query, indexing, transformation, rich linking, and rule processing, and provides the data infrastructure of a full database system, including transactions, concurrency, access control, and management tools. It also supports HTTP, RPC, SOAP, and FTP, plus APIs in Python and XSLT.
Apache Cocoon is a Web development framework built around the concepts of separation of concerns and component-based Web development. Cocoon implements these concepts around the notion of "component pipelines", each component on the pipeline specializing on a particular operation. This makes it possible to use a Lego(tm)-like approach in building Web solutions, hooking together components into pipelines without any required programming.