GNU TeXmacs is a free wysiwyw (what you see is what you want) editing platform with special features for scientists. The software aims to provide a unified and user friendly framework for editing structured documents with different types of content: text, mathematics, graphics, interactive content. TeXmacs can also be used as an interface to many external systems for computer algebra, numerical analysis, and statistics. New presentation styles can be written by the user and new features can be added to the editor using Scheme.
Asymptote is a powerful descriptive 2D and 3D vector graphics language for technical drawing, inspired by MetaPost but with an improved C++-like syntax. It provides for figures the same high-quality level of typesetting that LaTeX does for scientific text. Asymptote is a programming language as opposed to just a graphics program. It can exploit the best features of script (command-driven) and graphical user interface (GUI) methods. High-level graphics commands are implemented in the language itself, allowing them to be easily tailored to specific applications.
Kile is a user-friendly TeX/LaTeX editor for the KDE desktop environment. It lets you compile, convert, and view your document with one click and features auto-completion of (La)TeX commands, templates and wizards for starting a new document, easy insertion of many standard tags and symbols and the option to add user defined tags, inverse and forward search, collection of documents that belong together into a project, easy insertion of citations and references, a flexible build system, QuickPreview of selected parts of a document, easy access to various help sources, and advanced editing commands.
SiSU (Structured information, Serialized Units) is a lightweight markup based, text structuring and publishing framework (that features granular search). With minimal markup of a plaintext file, it produces: plain-text, HTML, XHTML, XML, ODF, LaTeX, PDF, and populates an SQL database at an object/paragraph level for granular searches. Prepare documents using your text editor of choice, then use SiSU to generate the desired output formats. SiSU is controlled from the command line.
Wyneken is a text processor that leverages several technologies to bring about a very professional looking document. Wyneken documents are written in a bbcode-style markup that gets converted into a LaTeX document. HeVeA, Latex2rtf, and latex-beamer are all used to bring you more functionality. In specific, HeVeA allows for the output of HTML and Ascii Text Files. Latex2RTF does the same for RTF files. latex-beamer is presentation software that sits under Wyneken Presentations.