The Taridium ipbx is a complete software-based VoIP PBX system that replaces a traditional proprietary hardware PBX. It runs on Linux without the need for extra software licenses, and is based on the SIP standard. It supports many phones and is available for free in a 5 user version.
Skype uses P2P (peer-to-peer) technology to provide voice- and video-based communication with other Internet users. The technology is extremely advanced, but easy to use. It features excellent sound quality, end-to-end encryption, and automatic negotiation of firewalls or routers. Among major features are SkypeOut and SkypeIn, adding the possibility to make low-cost calls to land line phones and having a fixed number to be able to receive calls from land line phones.