OpenSC provides a set of libraries and utilities to work with smart cards. Its main focus is on cards that support cryptographic operations, and facilitates their use in security applications such as authentication, mail encryption, and digital signatures. OpenSC implements the PKCS#11 API so that applications supporting this API (such as Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird) can use it. On the card, OpenSC implements the PKCS#15 standard, and aims to be compatible with every software/card that does so.
autober is a language for generating BER decoders. It's different from an ASN.1 compiler in that it's much simpler and it only deals with BER-encoded messages. It is intended for smart card and RFID applications where much of the data stored on these devices is, in-fact, BER-encoded TLV data. The language is designed to be very similar to the template definitions found in the specifications for smart card and RFID applications.
The Smart Card Detective (SCD) is a general framework for research on smart cards. It allows you to monitor any smart card application (including Chip and PIN / EMV transactions) and create your custom applications. The software is completely open source, and the hardware can be bought from Smart Architects. The device has a smart card interface as well as a terminal/reader interface, allowing the SCD to act as a passive/active monitor between a card and a reader or emulate a card or a terminal. Using the Python command line interface, you can interact with the SCD using a PC. This allows more flexible operation, although the SCD also features many stand-alone applications and a battery so that you can also use it without a PC.