GHCN Processor is a command-line tool that reads temperature data from the Global Historical Climatic Network (GHCN) database and produces an annual or monthly temperature series in CSV format for an arbitrary set of stations. Stations are filtered based on a simple EL expression passed to the tool. For example, you can select only stations that are in the Northern Hemisphere, in hilly and rural locations. You can also select stations that started reporting in a given year, and so on. The tool supports more than one method of grid partitioning, station combination, and can use both the adjusted data and raw unadjusted data.
HEALPix is a set of scientific tools implementing the Hierarchical Equal Area isoLatitude Pixelation of the sphere. As suggested in the name, this pixelation produces a subdivision of a spherical surface in which every single pixel covers the same surface area. HEALPix provides various programs and libraries in C, C++, Fortran, GDL/IDL, Java, and Python which facilitate discretization, simulation, processing, analysis, and visualization of data on the sphere up to very high resolution. It is the state-of-the-art program used in astronomy and cosmology to deal with massive full-sky data sets.