KaHIP - Karlsruhe High Quality Partitioning - is a family of graph partitioning programs that tackle the balanced graph partitioning problem. It focuses on solution quality and implements flow-based methods, more-localized local searches, and several parallel and sequential meta-heuristics.
Thinknowlogy is grammar-based software, designed to utilize the Natural Laws of Intelligence in grammar, in order to create intelligence through natural language in software. This is demonstrated by programming in natural language, reasoning in natural language and drawing conclusions (more detailed than scientific solutions), making assumptions (with self-adjusting level of uncertainty), asking questions (about gaps in the knowledge), and detecting conflicts in the knowledge. It builds semantics autonomously (with no vocabularies or words lists), detecting some cases of semantic ambiguity. It is multi-grammar, proving that Natural Laws of Intelligence are universal.
HEALPix is a set of scientific tools implementing the Hierarchical Equal Area isoLatitude Pixelation of the sphere. As suggested in the name, this pixelation produces a subdivision of a spherical surface in which every single pixel covers the same surface area. HEALPix provides various programs and libraries in C, C++, Fortran, GDL/IDL, Java, and Python which facilitate discretization, simulation, processing, analysis, and visualization of data on the sphere up to very high resolution. It is the state-of-the-art program used in astronomy and cosmology to deal with massive full-sky data sets.
FLENS is short for Flexible Library for Efficient Numerical Solutions. This C++ can be used as a builing block for the implementation of other (higher-level) numerical libraries or numerical applications. It is a C++ library (requires a C++11 conform compiler). Easy install, as FLENS is headers only. It gives you Matrix/vector types for dense linear algebra; a generic (i.e. templated) implementation of BLAS; and a generic reimplementation of LAPACK. If high performance BLAS libraries like ATLAS, GotoBLAS, etc. are available, you simply can link against them and boost performance.
GRALE is a set of tools - a library and a number of accompanying applications - to study gravitational lenses. Gravitational lenses are astronomical objects so massive that their gravitational pull even deflects light rays. This can cause multiple copies of the same background object to be visible, like a cosmic mirage. The locations and shapes of these copies can provide information about the mass distribution of the gravitational lens, which GRALE can help recover using a genetic algorithm-based method. Apart from these so-called lens inversions, it's also possible to simulate gravitational lenses.
GraphInsight is visualization software that lets you explore graph data through high quality interactive representations. Data exploration and knowledge extraction from graphs is of great interest nowadays: knowledge is disseminated in social networks, and services are powered by cloud computing platforms. Data miners deal with graphs every day. Humans are extremely good at identifying patterns and outliers. Interacting visually with your data can give you better intuition and higher confidence in what you are looking for.