The Shared Scientific Toolbox is a library that facilitates development of efficient, modular, and robust scientific/distributed computing applications in Java. It features multidimensional arrays with extensive linear algebra and FFT support, an asynchronous, scalable networking layer, and advanced class loading, message passing, and statistics packages.
Meta.Numerics is a Mono-compatible .NET library for scientific and numerical programming. It includes functionality for matrix algebra (including SVD, non-symmetric eigensystems, and sparse matrices), special functions of real and complex numbers (including Bessel functions and the complex error function), statistics and data analysis (including PCA, logistic and nonlinear regression, statistical tests, and nonuniform random deviates), and signal processing (including arbitrary-length FFTs).
The Graphical Models Toolkit (GMTK) is a toolkit for rapidly prototyping statistical models using dynamic graphical models (DGMs) and dynamic Bayesian networks (DBNs). It can be used for speech and language processing, bioinformatics, activity recognition, and any time series application. It features exact and approximate inference, many built-in factors including dense, sparse, and deterministic conditional probability tables, native support for ARPA backoff-based factors and factored language models, parameter sharing, gamma and beta distributions, dense and sparse Gaussian factors, heterogeneous mixtures, deep neural network factors, and time-inhomogeneous trellis factors, arbitrary order embedded Markov chains, a GUI graph viewer, and much more.