GNU TeXmacs is a free wysiwyw (what you see is what you want) editing platform with special features for scientists. The software aims to provide a unified and user friendly framework for editing structured documents with different types of content: text, mathematics, graphics, interactive content. TeXmacs can also be used as an interface to many external systems for computer algebra, numerical analysis, and statistics. New presentation styles can be written by the user and new features can be added to the editor using Scheme.
MIT/GNU Scheme is an implementation of the Scheme programming language, providing an interpreter, compiler, source-code debugger, integrated Emacs-like editor, and a large runtime library. MIT/GNU Scheme is best suited to programming large applications with a rapid development cycle. Recent versions of the system are supported on the following platforms: GNU/Linux, *BSD, OS/2, and Windows.
The Kawa Scheme System is a full Scheme implementation, completely written in Java. Scheme functions and files are automatically compiled into Java byte-codes. Kawa does some optimizations, and the compiled code runs at a reasonable speed. It provides the usual read-eval-print loop, as well as batch modes. The Kawa compilation framework is also useful for implementing other languages on top of JVM. There is active development of XQuery (the XML query language), and less active development of Emacs Lisp, Common Lisp, and EcmaScript.
ILISP is a package that is designed to integrate various Lisp implementations (mostly Common Lisp systems and various Scheme dialects, including Guile) within Emacs (or XEmacs). ILISP runs an inferior Lisp process (in Emacs parlance) and provides a specialized set of commands, key bindings, and menus to ease the interaction with it. ILISP commands access the underlying Lisp process and provide ways to make the editing, compilation, and execution of Lisp programs much easier.
ECB is a source code browser for (x)emacs. It displays a couple of windows that can be used to browse directories, files, and file contents like methods and variables. It supports source code parsing for languages like Java, C, C++, Elisp, Scheme, Perl, TeX, LaTeX, etc. In addition, it offers an (optional) permanent "compile window" at the bottom of the emacs frame, which is used to display all help and compile output. The rest of the frame is called the "edit area", which can be divided into several edit windows that are used for editing the sources. Deleting some of the edit windows neither destroys the compile window nor the browsing windows. It requires the CEDET suite.
Geiser is a generic Emacs/Scheme interaction mode, featuring an enhanced REPL and a set of minor modes that improve Emacs' basic major mode for Scheme. The main features provided are evaluation of forms in the namespace of the current module, macro expansion, loading of files and modules, namespace-aware identifier completion, automatic documentation, jumping to the definition of an identifier, access to documentation, listings of identifiers exported by a given module, and rudimentary support for debugging. Geiser supports Guile and Racket.