Instant Picture Creator is a wrapper to produce images on demand for Web sites. It has filter management, and it's possible to add new filters. It can cache filtered images, works independently (no backend is needed), and is easy to integrate with existing Web sites. It includes two basic filters for resizing images and manipulating colour palettes. Currently it supports PNG, GIF, and JPEG.
F-Spot is a personal photo management application for the GNOME desktop. It simplifies digital photography by providing intuitive tools to help you share, touch-up, find, and organize your images. These tools include editing, color adjustments, tags, Photo CD creation, and exporting for upload.
Gimp User Filter is a work-alike to Adobe's Filter Factory. It is a generic image processing plug-in that can be used to create new filters for The GIMP without having to go through the process of learning about The GIMP's SDK. Many freely available filters that have been created for Filter Factory can also be used with this plug-in.
ArahPaint4 is a textile-oriented paint program, mainly for jacquard. It is a simple paint program for raster palette images. It has good tools for drawing images in repetition, support for handling palette images (color reduction, substitution, protected, transparent colors), contour tools, layer support, unlimited undo/redo, support for drawing in aspect ratio (pixels need not be square), a two level grid, and a coordinates display. It is simple, stable, fast, and works well on large images (>8000x8000).