Python-mcrypt is a comprehensive Python interface to the mcrypt library, which provides a uniform interface to several symmetric encryption algorithms. It is intended to have a simple interface to access encryption algorithms in ofb, cbc, cfb, ecb, and stream modes. It supports algorithms like DES, 3DES, RIJNDAEL, Twofish, IDEA, GOST, CAST-256, ARCFOUR, SERPENT, SAFER+, and more.
Gnosis Utils contains several Python modules for XML processing, plus other generally useful tools: xml.pickle (serializes objects to/from XML, API compatible with the standard pickle module), xml.objectify (turns arbitrary XML documents into Python objects), xml.validity (enforces XML validity constraints via DTD or Schema), xml.indexer (full text indexing/searching), and many more.
Python-mhash is a Python interface to the mhash library, which provides a uniform interface to a large number of hash algorithms. These algorithms can be used to compute checksums, message digests, and other signatures. The HMAC support implements the basics for message authentication, following RFC 2104.
Papercut is a multi-threaded NNTP server written in Python. Its main objective is to integrate existing Web-based message board software (Phorum is one of the supported ones) with a Usenet front-end. However, its extensibility enables developers to write their own containers for the storage of the Usenet articles (messages). That means that the code is extensible enough that you could write new containers to integrate the news server with other Web message board projects or even other ways to store the messages.
arrayfrombuffer allows a programmer to use Numerical Python arrays whose contents are stored in buffer objects, including memory-mapped files. Loading an array from a file is easy, requiring only a module import and a single function call. Loading the array is quick because it doesn't require any copying from one part of memory to another. Arrays created with arrayfrombuffer are also highly memory-efficient, since only the array data that you are currently using gets loaded into memory. When an array is modified, only the modified parts get written back out to disk. These arrays can also be bigger than physical memory.
python-ldap provides an object-oriented API to access LDAP directory servers from Python programs. Mainly, it wraps the OpenLDAP 2.3+ libs for that purpose. Additionally, the package contains modules for other LDAP-related stuff (such as processing LDIF, LDAPURLs, and LDAPv3 schema).
Kiwi is an object-oriented framework for developing graphical applications using Python. It has a set of classes that provide a solid application architecture, and a set of high level graphical components that can be used as drop-in replacements for some of the widgets in PyGTK, including CList, CTree, Label, OptionMenu, and more. It includes a complete developer's manual, with examples and screenshots, and full API documentation.