Xapian is a search engine library, scalable to collections containing hundreds of millions of documents. It's written in C++ with bindings for Perl, Python, PHP, Java, Tcl, C#, Ruby, and Lua. It is a highly adaptable toolkit that allows developers to easily add advanced indexing and search facilities to their own applications. It supports the Probabilistic Information Retrieval model and also a rich set of boolean query operators. Omega is a Web search application built upon the Xapian library. It can index a Web server's document tree (including HTML, PDF, OpenOffice, MS Word/Excel/Powerpoint/Works, WordPerfect, RTF, PS, etc.), or data exported from arbitrary sources (e.g. SQL databases).
RPy is a very simple, yet robust, Python interface to the R Programming Language. It can manage all kinds of R objects and can execute arbitrary R functions (including the graphic functions). All the errors from the R language are converted to Python exceptions. Any module that later were installed on the R system can easily be used from within Python, without introducing any changes.
PyBison is a sophisticated yet easy-to-use parser creation toolkit for Python that interfaces directly to Bison (yacc)-based parsers. It provides full LALR(1) grammar support, allowing for simple parsing tasks through to writing compilers for high-level languages. Parser code is automatically generated from rules within user-created Parser classes (written in Python), and then, compiled, yacc'ed and linked into a shared library, which is loaded into the running process. All this happens automatically. When the parser runs, it connects directly with the yyparse() routine, and takes event callbacks upon parse targets being reached.