Libxml2 is the XML C library developed for the Gnome project. The library code is portable (to Linux, Unix, Windows, embedded systems, etc.) and modular; most of the extensions can be compiled out. Libxml2 implements a number of existing standards related to markup languages, including the XML standard, Namespaces in XML, XML Base, Relax NG, RFC 2396, XPath, XPointer, HTML4, XInclude, SGML Catalogs, and XML Catalogs. In most cases, libxml tries to implement the specifications in a relatively strict way. To some extent, it provides support for the following specifications, but doesn't claim to implement them: DOM, FTP client, HTTP client, and SAX2. Support for W3C XML Schemas is in progress. It includes xmllint, a command line XML validator.
Libxslt is a C library for GNOME which allows developers to work with XSLT. It is based on libxml for XML parsing, tree manipulation, and XPath support. Also included is 'xsltproc', a command line XSLT processor. The library is written in plain C, making as few assumptions as possible, and sticking closely to ANSI C/POSIX for easy embedding. It should work on Linux, Unix, and Windows. Though not designed primarily with performances in mind, libxslt seems to be a relatively fast processor. It also include full support for the EXSLT set of extension functions as well as some common extensions present in other XSLT engines.
QuantLib is a cross-platform, quantitative finance C++ library for modeling, pricing, trading, and risk management in real-life. It is also wrapped as Python/Ruby/Scheme modules. Extensions for Excel, R, and Mathematica are available. Other such extensions are under consideration. QuantLib offers tools that are useful both for practical implementation and for advanced modeling. It features market conventions, yield curve models, solvers, PDEs, Monte Carlo (low-discrepancy included), exotic options, VAR, and so on.
arrayfrombuffer allows a programmer to use Numerical Python arrays whose contents are stored in buffer objects, including memory-mapped files. Loading an array from a file is easy, requiring only a module import and a single function call. Loading the array is quick because it doesn't require any copying from one part of memory to another. Arrays created with arrayfrombuffer are also highly memory-efficient, since only the array data that you are currently using gets loaded into memory. When an array is modified, only the modified parts get written back out to disk. These arrays can also be bigger than physical memory.
Pexpect is a Python Expect-like module. It spawns child applications, controls them, and responds to expected patterns in their output. It can be used for automating interactive applications such as ssh, ftp, passwd, telnet, etc. It can be used to automate setup scripts for duplicating software package installations on different servers. It can be used for automated software testing. It should work on any platform that supports the standard Python pty module. Its interface was designed to be easy-to-use, so performing simple tasks is easy. It includes an ANSI/VT100 terminal screen scraping module.