Birch is a simple proxy or tunnel application with a filter mechanism for line based application protocols built on TCP. Initially it was written to add encryption in a transparent way to the IRC protocol but as the encryption mechanism is implemented in a modular way, it is not restricted to just supporting encryption. Filters can be supplied via Java's Service Provider mechanism. A CLI and a GUI are available.
pwnat, pronounced "poe-nat", is a tool that allows any number of clients behind NAT gateways to communicate with a server behind a separate NAT with no port forwarding and no DMZ setup on any routers in order to directly communicate with each other. The server does not need to know anything about the clients trying to connect, nor does it need to communicate with any other hosts in order to initiate the communication. Simply put, this is a proxy server that works behind a NAT, even when the client is behind a NAT. There is no middle man, no proxy, no third party, no UPnP required, no spoofing, and no DNS tricks. More importantly, the client can then connect to any host or port on any remote host or to a fixed host and port decided by the server.
sec-wall is a feature-packed security proxy that supports SSL/TLS, WS-Security, HTTP Auth Basic/Digest, extensible authentication schemes based on custom HTTP headers and XPath expressions, powerful URL matching/rewriting, and an optional header enrichment. It's a security wall with which you can conveniently fence otherwise defenseless backend servers.
PHProxyImproved is a Web proxy script based on PHProxy beta 2. It features a user friendly admin module with logging, file size control, banning by IP, and on-site ADS. A Google Translate widget enables language accessibility for international users. Plugins are user scripted, which can provide access to a greater range of websites such as YouTube. The main proxy fully supports The Pirate Bay with both torrents and magnet links.