CUPS is a standards-based printing system for Mac OS X and other Unix-like operating systems. It provides the System V and Berkeley command line interfaces, and uses the Internet Printing Protocol ("IPP") as the basis for managing print jobs and queues. The Line Printer Daemon (LPD) Server Message Block (SMB), and AppSocket (a.k.a. JetDirect) protocols are also supported with reduced functionality. CUPS adds network printer browsing and PostScript Printer Description ("PPD") based printing options to support real world printing.
PDFtk Server is a simple commandline tool for doing everyday things with PDF documents. You can use it to merge PDF documents or collate PDF page scans, split PDF pages into a new document, rotate PDF documents or pages, decrypt input as necessary (password required), encrypt output as desired, fill PDF forms with X/FDF data and/or flatten forms, generate FDF data stencils from PDF forms, apply a background watermark or a foreground stamp, report PDF metrics, bookmarks, and metadata, add/update PDF bookmarks or metadata, attach files to PDF pages or the PDF document, unpack PDF attachments, burst a PDF document into single pages, uncompress and re-compress page streams, and repair corrupted PDF files (where possible).
pdfrecycle creates a PDF file by composing pages from other PDF files. It can add PDF bookmarks and metadata, scale, rotate, and crop pages, and put multiple logical pages onto each physical sheet. pdfrecycle uses a simple text file format to define the layout and what pages to include. From this input file pdfrecycle creates a LaTeX file and then runs pdflatex to produced the PDF file.
libHaru is a library for generating PDF files. It supports generating PDF files with lines, text, images, outlines, text annotations, and link annotations, compressing a document with deflate-decode, embedding PNG and JPEG images, embedding Type1 and TrueType fonts, creating encrypted PDF files, using various character sets, using CJK fonts and encodings, and basic U3D usage.