Shard-Query uses partitioning and sharding to add query parallelism and grid computing capabilities to MySQL. Multiple interfaces are included, from a commandline client to an object oriented interface to a MySQL proxy interface for nearly-completely transparent access to a sharded data set.
Gpart is a small tool which tries to guess which partitions are on a PC harddisk in case the primary partition table was damaged. It works by scanning through the device (or file) given on the commandline on a sector basis. Each guessing module is asked if it thinks a filesystem it knows about could start at a given sector. Several filesystem guessing modules are built in, and others can be added dynamically.
KaHIP - Karlsruhe High Quality Partitioning - is a family of graph partitioning programs that tackle the balanced graph partitioning problem. It focuses on solution quality and implements flow-based methods, more-localized local searches, and several parallel and sequential meta-heuristics.