Flashrom is a utility for reading, writing, erasing, and verifying flash ROM chips. It's often used to flash BIOS/coreboot/firmware/EFI images. It supports a wide range of DIP32, PLCC32, DIP8, SO8/SOIC8, and TSOP32/40/48 chips, which use various protocols such as LPC, FWH, parallel flash, or SPI. The tool can be used to flash BIOS/firmware images, for example, be it proprietary BIOS images or coreboot (previously known as LinuxBIOS) images. It can also be used to read the current existing BIOS/firmware from a flash chip.
Consh is a set of programs that can turn one or more UNIX hosts on a trusted LAN into a singular Bourne shell multi-computer on which shell scripts are run concurrently. The service abstracts hosts into what appears to be shell process with a fixed number of threads or workers, to which work may be assigned and results received concurrently. It includes utilities that assign commands to workers in parallel and a command that initiates distributed barriers between workers for synchronization purposes. Environment variables can be set on a per-host basis to implement locking mechanisms like semaphores or ticket algorithms. Daemons can delegate work to one another as needed.
Charm++ is a portable adaptive runtime system for parallel applications. Application developers create an object-based decomposition of the problem of interest, and the runtime system manages issues of communication, mapping, load balancing, fault tolerance, and more. Sequential code implementing the methods of these parallel objects is written in C++. Calls to libraries in C++, C, and Fortran are common and straightforward. Charm++ is portable across individual workstations, clusters, accelerators (Cell SPEs and GPUs), and supercomputers such as those sold by IBM (Blue Gene, POWER) and Cray (XT3/4/5/6). Applications based on Charm++ are used on at least 5 of the 20 most powerful computers in the world.
OpenMPF is a library for solving large, dense, multi-RHS linear systems. It is based on MPI/openMP parallelism, and relies on BLAS/LAPACK/MUMPS for the single node computations. It implements direct and iterative solvers, out-of-core matrices and vectors, and is easily accessible through a Python interface.
Elemental is a C++ framework for distributed-memory dense linear algebra that strives to be fast, portable, and programmable. It can be thought of as a generalization of PLAPACK to element-by-element distributions that also makes use of recent algorithmic advances from the FLAME project. Elemental usually outperforms both PLAPACK and ScaLAPACK, however, it heavily relies on MPI collectives so a good MPI implementation is crucial. Both pure MPI and hybrid OpenMP-MPI configurations are supported.
phalanx computes a digest of many buffers simultaneously, and produces a combined hash of them all. It is an initiative to provide a fast, simple, and portable alternative method to compute a checksum in a parallel fashion. It has options for I/O buffer size, hash width, number of threads, and more. It can be run single-threadedly for performance comparisons. It can check files against previously-saved sums, like "MD5sum" does. It also has a "demo" mode, to ascertain accurate operation. It is intended to be useful on large files and multicore/multiprocessor/multithreaded environments.