GNU parallel is a shell tool for executing jobs in parallel locally or using remote computers. A job is typically a single command or a small script that has to be run for each of the lines in the input. The typical input is a list of files, a list of hosts, a list of users, a list of URLs, or a list of tables. If you use xargs today you will find GNU parallel very easy to use, as GNU parallel is written to have the same options as xargs. If you write loops in shell, you will find GNU parallel may be able to replace most of the loops and make them run faster by running several jobs in parallel. GNU parallel makes sure output from the commands is the same output as you would get had you run the commands sequentially. This makes it possible to use output from GNU parallel as input for other programs.
Charm++ is a portable adaptive runtime system for parallel applications. Application developers create an object-based decomposition of the problem of interest, and the runtime system manages issues of communication, mapping, load balancing, fault tolerance, and more. Sequential code implementing the methods of these parallel objects is written in C++. Calls to libraries in C++, C, and Fortran are common and straightforward. Charm++ is portable across individual workstations, clusters, accelerators (Cell SPEs and GPUs), and supercomputers such as those sold by IBM (Blue Gene, POWER) and Cray (XT3/4/5/6). Applications based on Charm++ are used on at least 5 of the 20 most powerful computers in the world.