Libxml2 is the XML C library developed for the Gnome project. The library code is portable (to Linux, Unix, Windows, embedded systems, etc.) and modular; most of the extensions can be compiled out. Libxml2 implements a number of existing standards related to markup languages, including the XML standard, Namespaces in XML, XML Base, Relax NG, RFC 2396, XPath, XPointer, HTML4, XInclude, SGML Catalogs, and XML Catalogs. In most cases, libxml tries to implement the specifications in a relatively strict way. To some extent, it provides support for the following specifications, but doesn't claim to implement them: DOM, FTP client, HTTP client, and SAX2. Support for W3C XML Schemas is in progress. It includes xmllint, a command line XML validator.
Sablotron is an XML toolkit which implements XSLT, DOM, and XPath. Sablotron is written in C++, and it can be used from C, Perl, Python, PHP, ObjectPascal, and via a command line interface. It supports the XSLT 1.0, XPath 1.0, and DOM Level 2 W3C specifications. It is designed to be as compact and portable as possible, and is maintained as an Open Source project by Ginger Alliance.
SDPXML is an XML parser written in C++ with a clean C++ interface, neither DOM nor SAX. Its functionality includes performing XPath and other queries on a loaded XML document, creating and parsing documents with typesafe conversions between XML and C++ objects, and serializing XML documents to streams. By casting-off the DOM and SAX APIs, SDPXML attempts to provide XML services that integrate well with the rest of the C++ standard library.
The Kawa Scheme System is a full Scheme implementation, completely written in Java. Scheme functions and files are automatically compiled into Java byte-codes. Kawa does some optimizations, and the compiled code runs at a reasonable speed. It provides the usual read-eval-print loop, as well as batch modes. The Kawa compilation framework is also useful for implementing other languages on top of JVM. There is active development of XQuery (the XML query language), and less active development of Emacs Lisp, Common Lisp, and EcmaScript.