TurnKey LAMP is a server appliance that provides a LAMP Web stack with no configuration required. It is designed to be easy to use and easy to maintain. Security patches are automatically installed. It provides a Web management interface, configuration console, and an AJAX Web shell. To minimize footprint the appliance is built from the ground up with the minimum required components. It runs everywhere thanks to multiple build formats, including an installable live CD, a VMDK with OVF support, and an Amazon EC2 AMI.
Tin Hat is a Linux distribution derived from hardened Gentoo. It aims to provide a very secure, stable, and fast desktop environment that lives purely in RAM. Tin Hat boots from CD, or optionally USB pen drive, but it is not a LiveCD in that it does not mount any file system from the boot device. Rather, Tin Hat employs a massive squashfs image which expands into tmpfs upon booting. This makes for long boot times, but remarkable speeds during human-computer interaction.
Rocks is a complete "cluster on a CD" solution for x86 and IA64 Red Hat Linux COTS clusters. Building a Rocks cluster does not require any experience in clustering, yet a cluster architect will find a flexible and programmatic way to redesign the entire software stack just below the surface (appropriately hidden from the majority of users). Although Rocks includes the tools expected from any clustering software stack (PBS, Maui, GM support, Ganglia, etc), it is unique in its simplicity of installation.
Grml is a live system (live CD) based on Debian. It includes a collection of GNU/Linux software especially for system administrators and users of texttools. It provides automatic hardware detection and its default shell is the zsh. You can use it e.g. as a rescue system, for analyzing systems/networks, or as a working environment. It is not necessary to install anything to a hard disk; you don't even need a hard disk to run it. Due to on-the-fly decompression, it includes more than 2 GB of software and documentation on the CD.
Source Mage GNU/Linux is a source-based Linux distribution based on a magical metaphor of "casting" and "dispelling" programs, which are referred to as "spells". In multi-tasking style, it downloads the sources in the background while compiling in the foreground. Source Mage's "sorcery" offers advanced package management, but retains the choices, options, and control not offered by many other distributions.
ClusterKnoppix is a modified Knoppix distribution that uses the OpenMosix kernel. It features an OpenMosix terminal server that uses PXE, DHCP, and tftp to boot Linux clients via the network. It also includes openMosix auto-discovery, cluster management tools, and an optional X environment.
Virtual Appliances are nano-sized virtual machines for deploying instant infrastructure and applications. They are Ubuntu Server Edition 8.04 based and available for VMware, QEMU, KVM, Parallels, Xen, Virtual Iron, Virtural PC, and Virtual Server. Available Virtual Appliances are a LAMP Server, LAPP Server, Apache Tomcat Server, and Cacti Virtual Appliance. These are the smallest, most functional, and easiest to use Virtual Appliances available. They are certified for use on VMware and Parallels.