Gircap is a set of tools to help you use the widely unknown "capabilities" that Linux has in place of conventional Unix superuser privilege. That means you can give programs and processes only as much privilege as they need and greatly limit your security exposure due to system bugs. A Linux kernel patch fixes some basically broken aspects of capabilities. setcap and getcap let you set and show capabilities of a running process. capexec runs a program with certain capabilities, UID, GID, and supplemental GIDs. It can be used to have init start a daemon with only a subset of init's privileges. binfmt_capx is an executable interpreter in the form of a loadable kernel module. It lets you do a setuid kind of thing for files, only with fine grained capabilities. This is a cheap substitute for real "file capabilities."
The Openwall Linux kernel patch is a collection of security "hardening" features for the Linux kernel. In addition to the new features, some versions of the patch contain various security fixes. The "hardening" features of the patch, while not a complete method of protection, provide an extra layer of security against the easier ways to exploit certain classes of vulnerabilities and/or reduce the impact of those vulnerabilities. The patch can also add a little bit more privacy to the system by restricting access to parts of /proc so that users may not see what others are doing.
Linux NTFS provides Linux kernel drivers, a multiplatform NTFS library, and tools to create, resize, clone, rescue, query, label and fix NTFS volumes, and to undelete, resize, list, and query files for the filesystem used by Windows XP, 2003, 2000, NT4, and Vista. It also provides support for the Logical Disk Manager (LDM) that controls Windows' Dynamic Disks and is used to create software mirrors, stripes, and RAID.