Linux is a clone of the Unix kernel, written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance. It has all the features you would expect in a modern fully-fledged Unix kernel, including true multitasking, virtual memory, shared libraries, demand loading, shared copy-on-write executables, proper memory management, and TCP/IP networking.
Kernel Mode Linux is a technology which enables the execution of user programs in a kernel mode. In Kernel Mode Linux, user programs can access kernel address space directly. Unlike kernel modules, user programs are executed as ordinary processes (except for their privilege level), so scheduling and paging are performed as usual. Although it seems dangerous, the safety of the kernel can be ensured through such methods as static type checking, software fault isolation, and so forth.
The Advanced Linux Sound Architecture is composed of several parts. The first is a fully modularized sound driver which supports module autoloading, devfs, isapnp autoconfiguration, and gives complete access to analog audio, digital audio, control, mixer, synthesizer, DSP, MIDI, and timer components of audio hardware. It also includes a fully-featured kernel-level sequencer, a full compatibility layer for OSS/Free applications, an object-oriented C library which covers and enhances the ALSA kernel driver functionality for applications (client/server, plugins, PCM sharing/multiplexing, PCM metering, etc.), an interactive configuration program for the driver, and some simple utilities for basic management.
Astaro Portscan Detection is a netfilter target which will attempt to detect TCP and UDP port scans and log them to syslog. This target is based upon Solar Designer's scanlogd. It suppports mutliple levels of logging, custom prefixes for entries, weighted total port scan detection, and port scan temporal spread detection.
T/TCP For Linux is an implementation and integration of T/TCP (Transaction TCP) into Linux kernels. T/TCP is an extension for standard TCP which uses a monotonically increasing variable, CC (Connection Counts), to bypass the 3-way handshake and reduce TIME_WAIT perild. T/TCP greatly decreases the overhead that standard TCP introduces when dealing with transaction-oriented connections. T/TCP for Linux also focuses on the promotion of wide adoption of T/TCP, since it has indisputable performance advantages over standard TCP.