The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to synchronize the time of a computer client or server to another server or reference time source, such as a radio or satellite receiver or modem. It provides client accuracies typically within a millisecond on LANs and up to a few tens of milliseconds on WANs relative to a primary server synchronized to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) via a Global Positioning Service (GPS) receiver, for example.
LFT (Layer Four Traceroute) is a sort of "traceroute" that often works much faster than the commonly-used Van Jacobson method and goes through many configurations of packet-filter based firewalls. More importantly, LFT implements numerous other features, including TCP, UDP, or ICMP-based traces, AS number lookups through several reliable sources, loose source routing, netblock name lookups, and more. LFT also distinguishes between layer-4 protocols, which make its statistics slightly more realistic, and gives a savvy user the ability to trace protocol routes, not just layer-3 hops.
nexB OpenAssets is a tool for inventorying, managing, and monitoring applications, software, hardware, networks, and generally any IT asset. It is designed so that system administrators, IT, and finance can determine what they have, how it is configured, what it is used for, and how much it is being used, so that informed decisions can be made. It complements existing network management software, integrates with a growing number of protocols and tools, and features no-agent discovery and inventory, configuration management including dependencies and correlation, monitoring, and reporting. It makes extensive and innovative use of XML, Xpath, and Xquery.
Sglib is a generic library for C that was inspired by the Standard Template Library from C++. It consists of a single header file and no binary code. It defines useful macros for sorting arrays and manipulating lists, sorted lists, double linked lists, hashed containers, and red-black trees. Macros are parametrized by the type of the data structure. The library does not enforce its own data representation, but acts on user-defined types. It does not enforce any particular memory management system.
Daikon is an implementation of dynamic detection of likely invariants. An invariant is a property (such as "x=2*y+5" or "this.next.prev = this" or "myarray is sorted by <") that holds at a certain point or points in a program. Invariants are often seen in assert statements, documentation, and formal specifications. Invariants can be useful in program understanding and a host of other applications. Daikon runs a program, observes the values that the program computes, and then reports properties that were true over the observed executions. It can detect properties in Java, C, C++, Perl, and IOA programs, in spreadsheet files, and in other data sources.
JagPDF is a library for generating PDF documents in C/C++, Python, and Java. It supports TrueType (subsetting) and standard 14 Type 1 fonts, font metrics, Unicode, UTF-8 and common 8-bit character encodings, images (JPEG, PNG, or custom), paths, color spaces (RGB, CMYK, CIE based, ICC profiles, indexed), encryption, bookmarks, hyperlinks, and more.
xlife is a laboratory for experimenting with cellular automata. It supports loadable rulesets and palettes, different topologies, and up to 256-state cellular automata. It has rules and patterns for Life, Brian's Brain, Perrier's Loops, Langton's Ants and Loops, Wireworld, E.F. Codd's 1975 UCC automaton, some Prisoner's Dilemma games, and many others. It is very fast for step-by-step mode, bounded grid, and chaotic patterns. It has several unique features: a historical mode, a pseudocolor mode, and n-state statistics. It has been developed since 1989. The modern version of Xlife began its history in 2011.