Capstone is a disassembly framework with the target of becoming the ultimate disasm engine for binary analysis and reversing in the security community. Running on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and Solaris, it can disassemble ARM, ARM64 (ARMv8), MIPS, PPC, and x86 architectures. Capstone provides rich details about disassembled instructions along with useful semantic information.
Zero Install is a decentralized cross-distribution software installation system. It allows software developers to publish programs directly from their own Web sites, while supporting features familiar from centralized distribution repositories such as shared libraries, automatic updates, and digital signatures. It is intended to complement, rather than replace, the operating system's package management. 0install packages never interfere with those provided by the distribution.
libguestfs is a set of tools for accessing and modifying virtual machine (VM) disk images. You can use this for viewing and editing files inside guests, scripting changes to VMs, monitoring disk used/free statistics, P2V, V2V, performing partial backups, cloning VMs, and much more. libguestfs can access nearly any type of filesystem including: all known types of Linux filesystem (ext2/3/4, XFS, btrfs, etc.), any Windows filesystem (VFAT and NTFS), any Mac OS X and BSD filesystems, LVM2 volumes, MBR and GPT disk partitions, raw disks, qcow2, CD and DVD ISO images, SD cards, and dozens more. libguestfs doesn't need root permissions.
bibtex2html is a collection of tools for translating BibTeX bibliographies to HTML. It can handle any BibTeX style (even those producing multiple bibliographies), use additional fields (like "abstract", "url", and "ps") to insert Web links, replace cross-references with links, sort on various fields, process simple (La)TeX macros, identify syntax errors in BibTeX files, and filter BibTeX entries based on a given criterion.
CIL is a frontend for the C programming language which facilitates program analysis and transformation. CIL will parse and typecheck a program, and compile it into a simplified subset of C. For example, in CIL, all looping constructs are given a single form and expressions have no side effects. This reduces the number of cases which must be considered when manipulating a C program. CIL has been used for a variety of projects, including CCured, a tool which makes C programs memory safe. It supports ANSI C, as well as most of the extensions of the GNU C and Microsoft C compilers. A Perl script acts as a drop-in replacement for either gcc or Microsoft's cl, and allows merging of the source files in your project. Other features include support for control-flow and points-to analyses.
CPC (Continuation Passing C) is a programming language designed for writing concurrent systems. The CPC programmer manipulates very lightweight threads, choosing whether they should be cooperatively or preemptively scheduled at any given point; the CPC program is then processed by the CPC translator, which produces highly efficient event-loop code. This approach gives the best both worlds: the relative convenience of programming with threads, and the low memory usage of event-loop code. The semantics of CPC is defined as a source-to-source translation from CPC into plain C using a technique known as conversion into Continuation Passing Style. The current implementation of CPC has been used to write Hekate, a BitTorrent seeder designed to handle millions of simultaneous torrents and tens of thousands of simultaneously connected peers.