Dar is a shell command that makes backup of a directory tree and files. Its features include splitting archives over several files, DVD, CD, ZIP, or floppies, compression, full or differential backups, strong encryption, proper saving and restoration of hard links, extended attributes, file forks, Door inodes, and sparse files, remote backup using pipes and external commands (such as ssh), and rearrangement of the "slices" of an existing archive. It can run commands between slices, before and after saving some defined files or directories (for a proper database backup, for example), and quickly retrieve individual files from differential and full backups. Several external GUIs exist as alternatives to its CLI interface, like kdar, DarGUI, SaraB, etc.
Botan is a crypto library written in C++. It provides a variety of cryptographic algorithms, including common ones such as AES, MD5, SHA, HMAC, RSA, Diffie-Hellman, DSA, and ECDSA, as well as many others that are more obscure or specialized. It also offers SSL/TLS (client and server), X.509v3 certificates and CRLs, and PKCS #10 certificate requests. A message processing system that uses a filter/pipeline metaphor allows for many common cryptographic tasks to be completed with just a few lines of code. Assembly and SIMD optimizations for common CPUs offers speedups for critical algorithms like AES and SHA-1.
Bacula is a set of programs that allow you to manage the backup, recovery, and verification of computer data across a network of different computers. It is based on a client/server architecture and is efficient and relatively easy to use, while offering many advanced storage management features that make it easy to find and recover lost or damaged files.
The PCI Utilities package contains various utilities dealing with the PCI bus, and also a library for portable access to PCI configuration registers. It includes `lspci' for listing all PCI devices (very useful for debugging of both kernel and device drivers) and `setpci' for manual configuration of PCI devices.
Moose File System (MooseFS / MFS) is a fault tolerant, network distributed file system. It spreads data over several physical servers, which are visible to the user as one resource. For standard file operations MooseFS mounted with FUSE acts like other Unix-alike file systems: it has a hierarchical structure; it stores POSIX file attributes; and it supports special files, symbolic links, and hard links. Access to the file system can be limited based on IP address and/or password. It offers high reliability, since several copies of the data can be stored across separate computers. Capacity is dynamically expandable by attaching new computers or disks. Deleted files are retained for a configurable period of time (with a file system level "trash bin"). MooseFS supports coherent snapshots of files, even while the file is being written or accessed.
Userinfo is a console utility to display a variety of information about a local user. It uses loadable modules to perform different tasks, which separate the output with a field deliminator. Some may find it useful in shell scripts to gather information that might be tedious by other methods.
smartmontools contains utilities that control and monitor storage devices using the Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.) system built into ATA and SCSI hard drives. This is used to check the reliability of the hard drive and to predict drive failures. Version 5.x is designed to comply with the ATA/ATAPI-5 specification. Future releases will comply with the ATA/ATAPI-6 and ATA/ATAPI-7 specifications. It is meant to be an up-to-date replacement for the ucsc-smartsuite and smartsuite packages, and is derived from that code.
chrony is a client and server for the Network Time Protocol (NTP). This program keeps your computer's clock accurate. It was specially designed to support systems with intermittent Internet connections, but it also works well in permanently connected environments. It can also use hardware reference clocks, the system real-time clock, or manual input as time references.