Gforth is a fast and portable implementation of the ANS Forth language. It works nicely with the Emacs editor, offers some nice features such as input completion and history and a powerful locals facility, and it even has (the beginnings of) a manual. Gforth employs traditional implementation techniques: its inner innerpreter is indirect or direct threaded. Gforth runs under Unix, Win95, OS/2, and DOS and should not be hard to port to other systems supported by GCC.
4tH is a Forth compiler with a little difference. Instead of the standard Forth engine it features a conventional compiler. 4tH is a very small compiler that can create bytecode, C-embeddable bytecode, standalone executables, but also works fine as a scripting language. It supports about 95% of the ANS Forth CORE wordset and features conditional compilation, pipes, files, assertions, forward declarations, enumerations, structures, suspended execution, recursion, include files, etc. It comes with an RPN calculator, line editor, preprocessor, compiler, decompiler, C-source generator, a virtual machine, and a multitasking environment.
Red language is a native-code compiled functional, imperative, symbolic, and homoiconic programming language that re-uses most of REBOL's syntax and semantics. Both static and JIT compilation support are planned. A strong emphasis is made on concurrency and both task and data parallelism support using an actor-like abstraction and parallel collections (Scala-like). The target range of usage spreads from low-level system programming (thanks to the built-in Red/System C-level DSL) and embedded systems, up to high-level scripting, with an optional REPL console.
An almost ISO C compatible C compiler that produces binaries for 6502-based computers. Targets that are supported out of the box are: Apple ][, Atari 8-bit machines, Commodore C64/C128/C16/C116, Commodore Plus/4, Commodore 600/700, GEOS for C64, and Lynx. The package includes a complete suite of assembler development tools (assembler, linker, archiver) which allows mixing of C and assembler code.
Flat Assembler is a fast and efficient self-assembling 80x86 assembler. It supports x86 and x86-64 instruction sets with MMX, 3DNow!, SSE up to SSE4, AVX, AVX2, and XOP extensions. It can produce output in binary, MZ, PE, COFF, or ELF format. It includes powerful but easy-to-use macroinstruction support and does multiple passes to optimize the instruction codes for size. It is written entirely in assembly language.
FreeBASIC is a self-hosting 32-bit BASIC compiler. It makes use of the GNU binutils programming tools and can produce console and GUI executables, and dynamic and static libraries. It fully supports the use of C libraries and has partial C++ library support. It supports a C style preprocessor that is capable of multi-line macros, conditional compilation, and file inclusion. When used in its "QB" language mode, it provides a high level of support for programs written for QuickBASIC.
Yasm is a complete rewrite of the NASM assembler. It currently supports the x86 and AMD64 instruction sets, accepts NASM and GAS assembler syntaxes, outputs binary, ELF32, ELF64, COFF, Mach-O (32 and 64), RDOFF2, Win32, and Win64 object formats, and generates source debugging information in STABS, DWARF 2, and CodeView 8 formats.
NASM is an 80x86 assembler designed for portability and modularity. It supports a range of object file formats including Linux a.out and ELF, COFF, Microsoft 16-bit OBJ, Win32/64, and Apple Mach-O. It will also output plain binary files. Its syntax is designed to be simple and easy to understand, similar to Intel's but less complex. It supports all currently known opcodes, and has advanced macro capability. It includes a disassembler as well.
Open Watcom consists of the famous Watcom C++ and WATFOR compilers -- now open source. Open Watcom is mainly used for developing embedded, DOS, and ncurses software. Open Watcom includes the C/C++/Fortran IDE from Watcom for DOS and a full set of command-line tools for compilation, including the superb Watcom debugger. Open Watcom emits easy-to-understand errors and warnings when things go wrong. Open Watcom generates small statically linked binaries for Linux, Win32, Win16, OS/2, QNX, NetWare, and MS-DOS real and protected mode, among other targets. However, Open Watcom is still only beta-quality on Linux and BSD. The two most serious issues are imperfect C++ template support and an inability to dynamically link with shared libraries built by GCC. Also, Open Watcom is released under the Sybase Open Watcom Public License, which is considered non-free by most Debian Linux developers. NOTE: Open Watcom binaries for Linux are not available anywhere. You must build it yourself. 1.5 has known build issues on Linux; use version 1.4 or the current daily build instead.