Userful MultiSeat is a multiseat Linux desktop virtualization solution that enables a single computer to support up to 11 independent users at the same time, each with their own monitor, keyboard, and mouse by using USB multiseat devices, and virtualizing the X server. This approach offers the features of a full PC including high performance video and significantly reduces hardware costs, support and maintenance costs, electricity consumption, and e-waste as compared to stand alone PCs or thin clients. It installs on popular Linux distributions including Ubuntu and Edubuntu (operating system for schools). It supports 3D graphics, per-seat USB, 2-way audio, and all major USB multiseat devices, including the HP t100, t150 & t200, Acer Zero-Client Docking Station, Viewsonic VMA10, Atrust M200 & M202, GWC DU2600, and Displaylink devices, as well as video cards from Intel, ATI, and NVIDIA. Userful MultiSeat is available as both a standalone package for multi-seat enabling your Linux distribution of choice, and as a bundled install DVD for schools, which Includes Userful MultiSeat, Edubuntu operating system for education, and the ITALC classroom management tool. It was formerly called Userful Multiplier.
FSP is a UDP-based protocol for transferring files. It has many benefits over FTP, mainly for running anonymous archives. It is usable on lines with high packet loss ratio (70% WiFi), can go behind firewalls and unnoticed by port scans (because of UDP), does not overload networks when hosting ISOs or movies, share files on modem lines without eating all of the bandwidth, and keeps lamers away from your site (they don't know how to get to it). This project is active continuation of the FSP code base (abandoned 1996-2003).
Lua is a programming language originally designed for extending applications, but also frequently used as a general-purpose, stand-alone language. It combines simple procedural syntax (similar to Pascal) with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. It is dynamically typed, interpreted from bytecodes, and has automatic memory management, making it ideal for configuration, scripting, and rapid prototyping. It is implemented as a small library of C functions, written in ANSI C, and compiles unmodified in all known platforms. The implementation goals are simplicity, efficiency, portability, and low embedding cost. It has been used on games such as World of Warcraft, FarCry and Angry Birds, among others.
Cairo is a vector graphics library with cross-device output support. It currently supports the X Window System and in-memory image buffers as output targets. It is designed to produce identical output on all output media while taking advantage of display hardware acceleration when available (eg. through the X Render Extension). It provides a stateful user-level API with capabilities similar to the PDF 1.4 imaging model and provides operations including stroking and filling Bezier cubic splines, transforming and compositing translucent images, and antialiased text rendering.
Twisted is an event-based framework for Internet applications. It includes a Web server, an SMTP/POP3 server, a telnet server, an SSH server, an IRC server, a DNS server, a generic client/server pair for remote object access (Perspective Broker), and APIs for creating new protocols. It supports integration with GTK+, GTK+ 2, Qt, Tkinter, wxPython, Mac OS X (PyObjC) and Win32 event loops. It also supports TCP, SSL and TLS, UDP, Unix sockets, multicast, and serial ports. Supported protocols include HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3, IMAP, TOC, OSCAR (AIM and ICQ), SSH, DNS, IRC, NNTP, Jabber, SOCKSv4, Telnet, SIP (for VoIP), and XML-RPC and SOAP using external packages. Most protocols are supported as both servers and clients.
SCons is a software construction tool (build tool substitute for Make) implemented in Python. It features a modular build engine that can be embedded in other software. SCons configuration files are Python scripts that call the build engine API. It can scan files to detect dependencies automatically and maintain a global view of all dependencies in a build tree, and uses MD5 signatures to detect changed file contents reliably. Timestamps can be used if you prefer. SCons also supports parallel builds and is easily extensible through user-defined builder and scanner objects.
giflib is a library for rendering and generating GIF image files. This is the GIF service code in C used for over two decades by graphics applications, Web browsers, game consoles, ATMs, and pretty much anything else that throws pixels on a display. It is simple, stable, and bulletproof.