The Geospatial Data Abstraction Library (GDAL) is a unifying C/C++ API for accessing raster geospatial data, and currently includes formats like GeoTIFF, Erdas Imagine, Arc/Info Binary, CEOS, DTED, GXF, and SDTS. It is intended to provide efficient access, suitable for use in viewer applications, and also attempts to preserve coordinate systems and metadata. Python, C, and C++ interfaces are available.
curl and libcurl is a tool for transferring files using URL syntax. It supports HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, FTPS, SCP, SFTP, TFTP, DICT, TELNET, LDAP, POP3, IMAP, SMTP, RTSP, RTMP, and FILE, as well as HTTP-post, HTTP-put, cookies, FTP upload, resumed transfers, passwords, port numbers, SSL certificates, Kerberos, and proxies. It is powered by libcurl, the client-side URL transfer library. There are bindings to libcurl for about 40 languages and environments.
Lua is a programming language originally designed for extending applications, but also frequently used as a general-purpose, stand-alone language. It combines simple procedural syntax (similar to Pascal) with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. It is dynamically typed, interpreted from bytecodes, and has automatic memory management, making it ideal for configuration, scripting, and rapid prototyping. It is implemented as a small library of C functions, written in ANSI C, and compiles unmodified in all known platforms. The implementation goals are simplicity, efficiency, portability, and low embedding cost. It has been used on games such as World of Warcraft, FarCry and Angry Birds, among others.
The Tecla library provides programs with interactive command line editing facilities, similar to those of the Unix tcsh shell. It supports recall and editing of previously entered command lines, TAB completion of file names and application specific tokens, and in-line wild-card expansion of filenames. The optionally reentrant modules which perform TAB completion and wild-card expansion are also available separately for general use. The library is smaller, more modular, makes more efficient use of the heap, and has a less restrictive license than GNU readline.
cstream is a general-purpose stream-handling tool like UNIX dd, usually used in command line-constructed pipes. Features include sane command line switch syntax, exact throughput limiting on the incoming side, precise throughput reporting, SIGUSR1 causes a throughput report before end-of-file, built-in support to write its PID to a file, built-in support for fifos, IPv6 support, and built-in data creation and sink.
ICU provides a Unicode implementation, with functions for formatting numbers, dates, times, and currencies (according to locale conventions, transliteration, and parsing text in those formats). It provides flexible patterns for formatting messages, where the pattern determines the order of the variable parts of the messages, and the format for each of those variables. These patterns can be stored in resource files for translation to different languages. Included are more than 100 codepage converters for interaction with non-unicode systems.