Mup produces very high quality PostScript printed music or a MIDI file from a text input file. It can handle almost any kind of music, instrumental or vocal, including tablature, shaped notes, guitar grids, alternate tunings, user-defined symbols, and much more. Mup has been under active development since 1992.
MusE is a multitrack virtual studio for Linux. It supports real-time editing of both MIDI and audio in an integrated environment. It has support for LADSPA and DSSI plugins (with Win VST support), JACK, and ALSA-MIDI output and input as well as internal softsynths. Numerous MIDI editors are available, including a piano roll, score editor, and drum editor. There is full automation for both MIDI and audio.
Paloma is a program to manage an SQL database of digital music files, and facilitate their retrieval and playback in interesting ways. It works with music files of any form -- MP3, Ogg Vorbis, MIDI... whatever you've got a player for. Paloma makes it easy to rip your entire CD collection and store it on your hard disk (or a collection of CD-Rs) for instant random access; playlists can then be generated using arbitrary SQL commands.
Rosegarden is an audio and MIDI sequencer, score editor, and general-purpose music composition and editing environment. It is an easy-to-learn, attractive application that runs on Linux. It is ideal for composers, musicians, music students, and small studio or home recording environments.
Sfront compiles MPEG 4 Structured Audio (MP4-SA) programs into efficient C programs that generate audio when executed. MP4-SA is a standard for normative algorithmic sound, which combines an audio signal processing language (SAOL) with score languages (MIDI and SASL). Under Mac OS X and Linux, sfront supports real-time, low-latency audio input/output and MIDI input. Under Mac OS X, sfront supports the creation of AudioUnit plug-ins. The documentation includes a book about SAOL programming.
Smurf is a GTK-based SoundFont editor. SoundFont files are a collection of audio samples and other data that describe instruments for the purpose of composing music. SoundFont files do not describe the music itself, but rather the sounds of the instruments. These instruments can be composed of any digitally recordable or generated sound. This format provides a portable and flexible sound synthesis environment that can be supported in hardware or software. Note that Swami is the successor to Smurf and is an entire object-oriented rewrite of it.
Cumulus is a software synthesizer which implements the Asynchronous Grain Synthesis. This synthesis allows you to create very original sounds to be used in your music (mainly percussive and ambient background sounds). It features a convenient QT-based GUI where each paramter can be controlled by an envelope, the ability for all parameters to be controlled with hardware controllers (MIDI-controllerbox), an interface to use a MIDI-keyboard (polyphony adjustable, default 8 voices), internal 32-bit accuracy, an internal sampling rate that can be any multiple of the external one, and full realtime capability with parameter changes audible within around 50ms, depending on system latency.