Songwrite is a tablature editor. It supports many string instruments in addition to traditional staff notation. You can edit tablature (guitar, bass, banjo, etc.) and staff notation, add lyrics, create your own songbook, play your partitions, print your partitions and your songs, automatically convert staff notation to tablature and vice-versa, export songs to many formats (PDF, MIDI, ASCII tablature, GNU Lilypond, LaTeX, PostScript, etc.), and import Guitar Pro 3/4 files (experimental).
Audiality is a highly scalable and portable audio engine and synthesizer. MIDI files are used in combination with scripting and modular synthesis, to minimize file sizes and maximize flexibility. Audiality can be used as a music and sound effects player in multimedia productions, or as a realtime MIDI synthesizer.
Pymprovisator is a program for jazz musicians. Jazz music is based on improvisation and this program is intended to help musicians to improvise. The user sets the song parameters and the program generates a MIDI file with an adequate accompaniment. It emulates the program Band in a Box from PG Music. You can think of it as the electronic version of the books/CD from Jamey Aebersold.
FrAid (Fr[actal] Aid) is a programming language that is appropriate for mathematical computations, visualization, batch processing, and more. It features both a standalone application that provides a programming environment for the language and a system for integrating the language with Java. The Java interface allows mathematical equations and formulas to be used with Java code, making it easier to process numerical computations, symbolic computations, imaging, CAD, and more.
FMS is a tool to create all kinds of sounds from scratch. You can play any sound (sine, triangular, vowels, etc.) with any property settings (frequency, volume, balance, sweep, etc.) and modulations thereof. It also features tools to save sounds, play .MUS music, graphically display sounds, and make real noise.
Wechselspieler is a tool for mapping motion data from a video stream onto sound events in the MIDI and OSC protocols. It features a GUI for easy selection of trigger regions in a video stream and mapping these to individual sound events. It supports various video input sources, such as Video4Linux devices, movie files, and FireWire cameras. As output, it supports ALSA based MIDI devices and the UDP based OSC (OpenSoundControl) protocol for integration with MIDI hard/software and OSC-capable software like PD, SuperCollider, and Max/MSP.