A+ is a powerful and efficient programming language. It embodies a rich set of functions and operators, a modern GUI with many widgets and automatic synchronization of widgets and variables, asynchronous execution of functions associated with variables and events, dynamic loading of user compiled subroutines, and many other features. Execution is by a rather efficient interpreter.
R is a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. It is similar to S, which was developed at Bell Laboratories by John Chambers et al. It provides a wide variety of statistical and graphical techniques (linear and nonlinear modelling, statistical tests, time series analysis, classification, clustering, etc.). R is designed as a true computer language with control-flow constructions for iteration and alternation, and it allows users to add additional functionality by defining new functions. For computationally intensive tasks, Fortran and C code can be linked and called at run time.
A practical lambda-calculator is a normal-order evaluator for the untyped lambda-calculus, extended with convenient commands and shortcuts to make programming in it more productive. Shortcuts are distinguished constants that represent terms. Commands define new shortcuts, activate tracing of all reductions, compare terms modulo alpha-conversion, print all defined shortcuts and evaluation flags, etc. Terms to evaluate and commands are entered at a read-eval-print-loop (REPL) "prompt" or "included" from a file by a special command. A Haskell branch is an embedding of the lambda calculator (as a domain-specific language) into Haskell. The calculator can be used interactively within Hugs or GHCi.
EFEU is suitable for handling data cubes, which are especially useful for building data warehouses. It consists of a building system including mkmf (a xmkmf like Makefile generator), esh (a powerful C/C++ interpreter), efeudoc (a document generator with different output formats (LaTeX, HTML, roff, etc.)). EFEU has a huge set of C library core features, including robust memory allocation tools, functions to concatenate and copy strings with memory allocation, buffers for dynamically-growing strings and fields, data structures with reference counters and garbage collection, and file tools that allow you to specify pipes wherever a filename is expected and support automatic implementation of (de)compression filters (gzip) depending on filename extensions. It also includes a high-level interface to files, strings, and anything else you can read from or write to.
Ch is an embeddable C/C++ interpreter for cross-platform scripting, shell programming, 2D/3D plotting, numerical computing, and embedded scripting. It is the simplest solution to numerical computing and visualization in the domain of C/C++. It supports the ISO 1990 C Standard (C90), major features in C99 (complex numbers, variable length arrays or VLAs, type generic functions, long long data type, etc), classes in C++, and extensions to the C language like nested functions, string types, etc. It can be embedded in other applications and hardware and used as a scripting language. C/C++ code is interpreted directly with no compilation to intermediate code. It supports Linux, Windows, MacOS X, Solaris, HP-UX, and FreeBSD.
IDL2Matlab is a program for automatically translating a program from IDL into Matlab and Scilab. IDL and Matlab are two major numerical languages for scientists. Scilab is a free Matlab-like language. Many IDL programs have been developed in large facilities studying astrophysics, geology, medicine, and particle and nuclear physics. On the other hand, Matlab is widely used in smaller laboratories, such as universities and national scientific agencies. This program is designed to extend the portability of such IDL programs.
Alana is a highly responsive Turing Machine simulator with many examples, like (unary and binary) addition, subtraction and multiplication, "copy band content", string parsing examples, and divisibility and primality testing. The documentation contains an introduction to Turing Machines as well as some interesting theoretical information (halting problem, busy beaver, universal Turing Machines) and pointers to further literature.