Genius is an arbitrary precision integer and multiple precision floating point calculator. It includes its own programming language similar in some aspects to C, bc, or Pascal. It can deal with rational numbers and complex numbers. It has matrix support as well. It uses the gmp library so it is very fast for calculations of large numbers. It has a command line and a GNOME interface. The GNOME interface supports plotting functions and 3D surfaces.
DigitizeIt digitizes scanned graphs and charts. Graphs can be loaded in nearly all common image formats (including gif, tiff, jpeg, bmp, png, psd, pcx, xbm, xpm, tga, pct), pasted from the clipboard, or imported via a screenshot. Digitizing of line and scatter plots occurs automatically, and manual digitizing via mouse clicks is also possible. Data values are transformed to a specified axes system and can be saved in ASCII format, ready to use in many other applications such as Microcal Origin or Excel. Axes can be linear, logarithmic, or reciprocal scale. Multiple data sets can be defined and edited. Tilted and distorted graphs can be handled. Comprehensive online help is included. Java 1.4 is required.
The NumericalChameleon converts numbers with a precision of up to 1000 significant figures. It supports more than 3200 units in 82 categories, including lengths, areas, volumes, durations, bits & bytes, angles, temperatures, exchange rates, Roman numerals, spoken numbers, all 35 radixes, unicode, colorcode, int. dial codes, timezones, date calculations and more. You have unlimited access for adding, modifying, and deleting categories, units, and icons. Update exchange rates with the GUI or at the command line. All configuration data are stored in flat files.
The Chombo package provides a set of tools for implementing finite difference methods for the solution of partial differential equations on block-structured adaptively refined rectangular grids. Both elliptic and time-dependent modules are included. Support for parallel platforms and standardized self-describing file formats are included.
num-utils are a set of programs for dealing with numbers from the Unix command line. Much like the other command line utilities grep, awk, sort, cut, etc. these utilities work on numeric data from both standard in and data from files. The base utilities currently included are average, bound, interval, numgrep, numprocess, numsum, random, range, and round. If you work with pipelines on the command line, these tools will prove to be helpful.
galculator is a GTK 2/GTK 3-based scientific calculator supporting algebraic mode, RPN, and formula entry mode. Features include arithmetic operations plus precedence handling, full keypad support, trigonometric functions, power, square root, natural and common logarithm, constants (e, PI), and inverse and hyperbolic functions. It supports different number bases (decimal, hexadecimal, octal, and binary) and angle bases (radiant, degree, and grad).
Engauge Digitizer is digitizing software that converts an image showing a graph or map into numbers. The image file can come from a scanner, digital camera, or screenshot. The numbers can be read on the screen, and written or copied to a spreadsheet. Highlights for beginners include an intuitive interface and extensive context-sensitive documentation. Highlights for experts include compensation for image distortion, cartesian and polar coordinates, linear and logarithmic coordinates, automatic scanning, graphical previews, and browser help.