MathGL is a library for making high-quality scientific graphics under Linux and Windows, fast data plotting and handling of large data arrays, working in window and console modes, and easily embedding into other programs. It has more than 40 general types of graphics for 1d, 2d, and 3d data arrays. It can export graphics to raster and vector (EPS or SVG) formats. It has an OpenGL interface and can be used from console programs. It has functions for data handling and MGL language scripting for simplification of data plotting. It has several types of transparency and smoothed lightning, vector fonts and TeX-like formula drawing, an arbitrary curvilinear coordinate system, and many other useful things.
FFTW is a fast C FFT library. It includes complex, real, symmetric, multidimensional, and parallel transforms, and can handle arbitrary array sizes efficiently.It is typically faster than other freely available FFT implementations, and is even competitive with vendor-tuned libraries (benchmarks are available at the homepage). To achieve this performance, it uses novel code generation and runtime self optimization techniques (along with many other tricks).
Botan is a crypto library written in C++. It provides a variety of cryptographic algorithms, including common ones such as AES, MD5, SHA, HMAC, RSA, Diffie-Hellman, DSA, and ECDSA, as well as many others that are more obscure or specialized. It also offers SSL/TLS (client and server), X.509v3 certificates and CRLs, and PKCS #10 certificate requests. A message processing system that uses a filter/pipeline metaphor allows for many common cryptographic tasks to be completed with just a few lines of code. Assembly and SIMD optimizations for common CPUs offers speedups for critical algorithms like AES and SHA-1.
The Java Algebra System (JAS) is an object oriented, type safe, multi-threaded approach to computer algebra. JAS provides a well designed software library using generic types for algebraic computations implemented in the Java programming language. The library can be used as any other Java software package, or it can be used interactively or interpreted through a Jython or JRuby front end. The focus at the moment is on commutative and solvable polynomials, power-series, multivariate polynomial factorization, Gröbner bases, and applications.
Frink is a calculating tool and programming language designed to help you in the real world. It tracks units of measurement throughout all calculations and ensures that answers are correct. It converts between systems of measurement, and has a huge library of physical data. It is both a simple calculator for quick calculations and a full-fledged programming language for large tasks. It draws high-quality graphics, handles conversions between time zones, currencies, and historical values of the U.S. dollar and the British pound, translates between several languages, does date/time math, and more.
SCaVis is an environment for scientific computation, data analysis, and data visualization designed for scientists, engineers, and students. The program can be used for function and data plotting in 2D and 3D, histograms, statistical analysis, and symbolic calculations using the Matlab/Octave high-level interpreted language.
GMP is a free library for arbitrary precision arithmetic, operating on signed integers, rational numbers, and floating point numbers. There is no limit to the precision, except for the ones implied by available memory. It has a rich set of functions, and the functions have a regular interface. It is designed to be as fast as possible, both for small operands and for huge operands. The speed is achieved by using fullwords as the basic arithmetic type, by using fast algorithms with carefully optimized assembly code for the most common inner loops for a lot of CPUs, and by a general emphasis on speed (instead of simplicity or elegance). It is believed to be faster than any other similar library. The advantage increases with the operand sizes for certain operations, since GMP in many cases has asymptotically faster algorithms.
GluCat is a library of template classes that model the universal Clifford algebras over the field of real numbers, with arbitrary dimension and arbitrary signature. It implements a model of each Clifford algebra corresponding to each non-degenerate quadratic form up to a maximum set by the user. GluCat classes are designed to be used as template parameters for other template libraries. GluCat includes the PyClical extension module for Python. This implements the Python classes index_set and clifford, which interface to corresponding C++ classes in GluCat.